Skip to main content

Table 3 Comparison of observed means and variances with estimated factor means and variance European Social Survey, Belgian sample 2006-2007 (51)

From: Measurement equivalence of the CES-D 8 in the general population in Belgium: a gender perspective

  MEANS VARIANCES
  Male Female Δ; p Male Female Ratio; p
Observed score       
   Depressed 0.36 0.61 0.25; 0.000 0.38 0.59 0.64; 0.000
   Sad 0.37 0.65 0.28; 0.000 0.35 0.52 0.67; 0.000
   Lonely 0.32 0.43 0.11; 0.001 0.41 0.52 0.79; 0.000
   Happy 0.95 1.06 0.11; 0.004 0.63 0.68 0.93; 0.185
   Enjoyed life 0.95 1.10 0.15; 0.000 0.63 0.70 0.90; 0.050
   Everything an effort 0.59 0.73 0.16; 0.000 0.54 0.69 0.78; 0.005
   Restless sleep 0.73 0.93 0.20; 0.000 0.70 0.87 0.80; 0.132
   Could not get going 0.49 0.56 0.07; 0.032 0.48 0.53 0.91; 0.031
   Mean total score 0.59 0.76 0.17; 0.000 0.22 0.29 0.76; 0.000
Estimated score 0.39 0.59 0.20; 0.000 0.24 0.37 0.65; 0.000