Skip to main content

Table 4 Mean and median intakes of nutrients and foods and the % of the population that had intakes below the minimum recommendation, calculated with adjustment for within-individual variabilitya

From: Dietary sources of energy and macronutrient intakes among Flemish preschoolers

Nutrient Age Reference values Mean (SD) Median (SE) % < LL/AMDRLL(SE)
Total fat* < 4 years 35 - 40% 29,8 (4.5) 29,8 (0.5) 77 (5.0)
  ≥ 4 years 30 - 35% 29,9 (3.6) 29,8 (0.3) 52 (3.0)
Monounsaturated < 4 years > 12% 10,6 (1-7) 10,6 (0-2) 80 (6.0)
fatty acids* ≥ 4 years   10,7 (1.4) 10,7 (0.1) 82 (0.4)
Polyunsaturated < 4 years > 8% 4,4 (1-2) 4,2 (0-1) 99 (1.0)
fatty acids* ≥ 4 years   4,5 (1.1) 4,3 (0.1) 100 -
Water < 4 years 75 - 100 ml/kg/day 77,8 (16-9) 76,0 (1-6) 47,0 (4.0)
  ≥ 4 years   64,6 (14.8) 63,5 (0.9) 78,0 (3.0)
Food group Age FBDG Mean (SD) Median (SE) % < FBDG LL (SE)
Beverages (not from restgroup) < 4 years 500-1000 ml 504,8 (197.5) 487,0 (17.6) 99 (0.7)
  ≥ 4 years 1500 ml 540,7 (241.5) 514,0 (14.0) 96 (0.9)
Bread & cereais < 4 years 30-100 g 97,1 (39.6) 91,0 (3.2) 49 (3.6)
  ≥ 4 years 100-150 g 94,7 (30.7) 92,0 (2.1) 47 (2.3)
Vegetables < 4 years 50-100 g 65,8 (19.7) 65,0 (1.8) 95 (1.6)
  ≥ 4 years 100-150 g 75,1 (30.3) 72,0 (1.8) 82 (1.8)
Fruit < 4 years 100-200 g 118,2 (57.8) 116,0 (5.2) 57 (3.5)
  ≥ 4 years   112,1 (59.5) 105,0 (3.5) 63 (2.2)
Milk < 4 years 500 ml 514,0 (227.0) 504,0 (20.3) 49 (3.6)
  ≥ 4 years   446,4 (197.9) 428,0 (11.5) 64 (2.2)
Spreadable fat (No cooking fat) < 4 years 15-25 2 4,9 (5.5) 3,3 (0.5) 94 (1.7)
  ≥ 4 years   5,3 (5.6) 3,6 (0.3) 94 (1.1)
  1. a Only nutrients and food groups for which the percentage of childre n with low inta kes was > 30% are presented.
  2. * Percentage of total energy intake supplied by the respective nutrient and its recommendation expressed as acceptable macronutrient distribution ranges (AMDR).
  3. ¶ All drinks not included in the restgroup and no milkproducts
  4. ‡ Acceptable range (AR)
  5. Lower Level (LL)
  6. Food Based Dietary Guidelines (FBDG)
  7. n (< 4 years old) 197
  8. n (≥ 4 years old) 465