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Table 3 Distribution and characteristics of obese and non-obese primary school children in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 2011

From: Prevalence and determinants of obesity among primary school children in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Variable Non-obese children Obese children P-value
Mean±SD (n)% Mean±SD (n)%  
Age in years 11.2±2.1   12.0±1.2   0.042
Gender      
 Boys   201 (96.2)   8 (3.8) 0.286
 Girls   222 (93.7)   15 (6.3)  
Place of residence      
 Rural   194 (98.5)   3 (1.5) 0.002
 Urban   229 (92.0)   20 (8.0)  
Religion      
 Christian   211 (93.8)   14 (6.2) 0.393
 Muslim   212 (95.9)   9 (4.1)  
Number of adults (≥18yrs) 6.3±2.2   5.7±1.4   0.379
Number of children (<18yrs) 3.2±2.2   2.3±1.0   0.019
Education level of mother      0.713
 No formal   26 (96.3)   1 (3.7)  
 Primary   139 (96.5)   5 (3.5)  
 Secondary   99 (93.4)   7 (6.6)  
 College/University   63 (92.7)   5 (7.3)  
 No response   82 (94.3)   5 (5.7)  
Occupation of mother      0.217
 Housewife   78 (90.7)   8 (9.3)  
 Business   176 (96.2)   7 (3.8)  
 Farmer   58 (98.3)   1 (1.7)  
 Government employee   36 (92.3)   3 (7.7)  
 Other   56 (94.9)   3 (5.1)  
SBP 103.4±9.9   114.3±11.8   <0.001
DBP 66.0±7.9   75.8±9.7   <0.001