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Table 5 Multivariate logistic regression models for independent predictors of obesity among primary school children in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 2011

From: Prevalence and determinants of obesity among primary school children in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Independent variables Non-obese children N (%) Obese children N (%) AOR (95% CI)
Age (Yrs)    
  10 years or less 136 (98.5) 2 (1.5) 1.0
  More than 10 years 287 (93.2) 21 (6.8) 3.3 (1.5 – 7.2)§
Gender    
  Boys 201 (96.2) 8 (3.8) 1.0
  Girls 222 (93.7) 15 (6.3) 2.6 (1.4 – 4.9)§
Area of residence    
  Rural 194 (98.5) 3 (1.5) 1.0
  Urban 229 (92.0) 20 (8.0) 2.5 (1.2 – 5.3)§
Education level of mother    
  No formal 26 (96.3) 1 (3.7) 1.9 (0.5 – 7.2)
  Primary 139 (96.5) 5 (3.5) 0.5 (0.2 – 1.4)
  Secondary 99 (93.4) 7 (6.6) 0.9 (0.4 – 2.3)
  College/University 63 (92.6) 5 (7.4) 1.0
  Declined response 82 (94.3) 5 (5.7) 0.6 (0.2 – 1.8)
Occupation of mother    
  Housewife 78 (90.7) 8 (9.3) 1.0 (0.3 – 3.0)
  Business 176 (96.2) 7 (3.8) 0.7 (0.3 – 2.1)
  Farmer 58 (98.3) 1 (1.7) 0.9 (0.3 – 3.3)
  Government employee 36 (92.3) 3 (7.7) 1.0
  Other 56 (94.9) 3 (5.1) 0.6 (0.2 – 2.1)
Money spent at school/day    
  ≤500 Tshs 306 (97.1) 9 (2.9) 1.0
  >500 Tshs 117 (89.3) 14 (10.7) 2.6 (1.4 – 4.8)§
Religion    
  Christian 211 (93.8) 14 (6.2) 1.0
  Muslim 212 (95.9) 9 (4.1) 1.2 ( 0.6 – 2.2)
Number of adults in the family    
  ≤4 79 (91.7) 7 (8.3) 1.0
  5 to 7 249 (94.3) 15 (5.7) 0.9 (0.4 – 1.9)
  >7 95 (99.0) 1 (1.0) 0.9 (0.4 – 2.5)
Number of children in the family    
  ≤2 185 (92.0) 16 (8.0) 1.0
  3-5 195 (96.5) 7 (3.5) 0.5 (0.3 – 1.0)
  >5 43 (100.0) 0 (0.0) 0.3 (0.1 – 1.1)
  1. § = P-value <0.05.
  2. CI = Confidence Interval.
  3. AOR = Adjusted Odds Ratio.