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Table 1 Tuberculosis treatment outcomes by region and surveillance year in Ghana, 1997-2010

From: Reflections on tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment outcomes in Ghana

Observations Cure Completed Died Failure Default
  IRR 95% CI IRR 95% CI IRR 95% CI IRR 95% CI IRR 95% CI
Central1 0.990 [0.960,1.020] 0.438*** [0.399,0.480] 1.376*** [1.256,1.508] 0.842* [0.723,0.979] 1.714*** [1.618,1.816]
Greater Accra 1.359*** [1.321,1.399] 0.393*** [0.357,0.432] 1.061 [0.962,1.169] 0.689*** [0.586,0.808] 0.819*** [0.765,0.877]
Volta 0.828*** [0.802,0.855] 0.494*** [0.452,0.540] 0.903* [0.816,0.999] 0.350*** [0.286,0.428] 0.417*** [0.383,0.454]
Eastern 0.970* [0.940,1.000] 0.631*** [0.581,0.685] 1.545*** [1.413,1.689] 0.702*** [0.599,0.824] 1.002 [0.939,1.069]
Ashanti 1.215*** [1.180,1.251] 0.939 [0.873,1.011] 1.315*** [1.199,1.442] 0.391*** [0.322,0.474] 0.526*** [0.486,0.569]
Brong-Ahafo 0.470*** [0.452,0.488] 0.416*** [0.378,0.457] 1.011 [0.917,1.116] 0.571*** [0.482,0.677] 0.351*** [0.321,0.384]
Northern 0.230*** [0.219,0.242] 0.247*** [0.219,0.278] 0.334*** [0.290,0.386] 0.165*** [0.124,0.220] 0.162*** [0.142,0.184]
Upper East 0.243*** [0.232,0.256] 0.0946*** [0.0795,0.113] 0.579*** [0.516,0.649] 0.139*** [0.104,0.187] 0.114*** [0.0985,0.131]
Upper West 0.0973*** [0.0905,0.105] 0.168*** [0.147,0.192] 0.267*** [0.230,0.311] 0.0929*** [0.0654,0.13] 0.0802*** [0.0677,0.0949]
KATH 0.00991*** [0.0079,0.0123] 0.296*** [0.266,0.330] 0.127*** [0.104,0.157] 1.049 [0.909,1.211] 0.0681*** [0.0568,0.0817]
KBTH 0.0145*** [0.0121,0.0174] 0.287*** [0.257,0.319] 0.209*** [0.177,0.247] 0.926 [0.799,1.074] 0.120*** [0.104,0.138]
19982 1.287*** [1.222,1.356] 0.861* [0.765,0.969] 1.046 [0.933,1.173] 0.798** [0.675,0.945] 0.886** [0.822,0.955]
1999 1.234*** [1.171,1.301] 0.728*** [0.644,0.824] 0.872* [0.773,0.983] 0.921 [0.783,1.083] 0.818*** [0.758,0.883]
2000 1.181*** [1.120,1.245] 0.679*** [0.599,0.770] 0.788*** [0.697,0.891] 0.743*** [0.626,0.883] 0.671*** [0.619,0.728]
2001 1.327*** [1.260,1.397] 1.113 [0.996,1.243] 0.803*** [0.711,0.908] 0.766** [0.646,0.908] 0.867*** [0.804,0.934]
2002 1.525*** [1.450,1.604] 0.786*** [0.696,0.887] 0.937 [0.833,1.053] 0.663*** [0.555,0.791] 0.731*** [0.676,0.791]
2003 1.695*** [1.613,1.781] 0.866* [0.770,0.974] 1.024 [0.913,1.149] 0.498*** [0.410,0.604] 0.711*** [0.657,0.770]
2004 1.724*** [1.641,1.811] 0.971 [0.866,1.088] 0.942 [0.837,1.059] 0.495*** [0.407,0.601] 0.647*** [0.596,0.702]
2005 1.921*** [1.830,2.016] 0.751*** [0.665,0.849] 1.092 [0.975,1.223] 0.478*** [0.393,0.582] 0.579*** [0.532,0.630]
2006 2.052*** [1.956,2.152] 0.822** [0.729,0.926] 1.092 [0.975,1.223] 0.501*** [0.413,0.608] 0.326*** [0.294,0.361]
2007 2.145*** [2.046,2.250] 0.930 [0.828,1.044] 0.981 [0.873,1.102] 0.352*** [0.283,0.439] 0.153*** [0.133,0.176]
2008 2.324*** [2.218,2.436] 1.062 [0.950,1.188] 0.885* [0.786,0.997] 0.346*** [0.277,0.431] 0.123*** [0.106,0.144]
2009 2.496*** [2.382,2.615] 1.139* [1.020,1.272] 0.846** [0.750,0.955] 0.281*** [0.222,0.357] 0.152*** [0.132,0.175]
2010 2.206*** [2.104,2.313] 1.285*** [1.154,1.430] 0.877* [0.778,0.988] 0.339*** [0.272,0.424] 0.163*** [0.142,0.186]
Constant 343.2*** [328.3,358.7] 113.1*** [103.0,124.1] 60.15*** [54.13,66.84] 44.73*** [38.61,51.82] 232.7*** [217.7,248.7]
Log likelihood −2172.6   −1052.5   −910.9   −735.6   −1435.3  
Chi-squared 47983.4   2994.5   3028.6   1306.1   13179.8  
N 167   167   167   167   167  
  1. p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001.
  2. Reference groups are as follows: 1Western; 21997.