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Table 2 Predictors of Campylobacter infection among under five children attending at BMC and Sekou-Toure

From: Prevalence and determinants of Campylobacter infection among under five children with acute watery diarrhea in Mwanza, North Tanzania

Risk factors Campylobacter infection Unadjusted   Adjusted  
  YES NO OR [95% CI] P-value OR [95% CI] P-value
  n (%) n (%)     
Hospital       
  BMC 8 (4.7) 161 (95.3) 1   1  
  Seko Toure 21 (16.0) 110 (84.0) 3.8 [1.6-9.0] 0.002 4.0 [1.7-4.7] 0.002
Sex       
  Male 16 (9.4) 154 (90.6) 1   - -
  Female 13 (10.0) 117 (90.0) 1.1 [0.5-2.3] 0.864 - -
Age       
  ≤24 months 21 (8.1) 240 (91.9) 1   1  
  >24 months 8 (20.5) 31 (79.5) 2.9 [1.2-7.2] 0.018 2.9 [1.1-7.7] 0.037
Body Temperature       
  ≤37.5 6 (6.3) 89 (93.7) 1    
  >37.5 23 (11.0) 182 (88.0) 1.9 [0.7-4.8] 0.187 - -
Malaria       
  No 23 (8.5) 247 (91.5) 1   1  
  Yes 6 (20.0) 24 (80.0) 2.7 [1.0-7.2] 0.051 3.4 [1.2-10.1] 0.021
HIV Status       
  Positive 1 (5.0) 19 (95.0) 1    
  Negative 28 (10.0) 252 (90.0) 2.1 [0.3-16.4] 0.475 - -
Boiling Water       
  Yes 15 (8.3) 165 (91.7) 1    
  No 14 (11.7) 106 (88.3) 1.5 [0.7-3.1] 0.341 - -
Tap Water use       
  Yes 5 (7.0) 66 (92.7)     
  No 24 (10.5) 24 (10.5) 1.5 [0.6-4.2] 0.395 - -
Well Water use       
  Yes 4(7.27) 220 (89.0) 1    
  No 25(10.0) 51 (92.7) 0.7 [0.2-2.1] 0.508 - -
Keeping Chicken       
  No 18 (9.1) 180 (90.9) 1    
  Yes 11(10.8) 91 (89.2) 1.2 [0.5-2.7] 0.639 - -
Keeping Cows       
  No 24 (8.7) 252 (91.3) 1   1  
  YES 5 (20.8) 19 (89.2) 2.8 [0.9-8.1] 0.063 2.3 [0.7-7.5] 0.163
Antibiotics Use       
  Yes 19 (8.0) 218 (92.0) 1   1  
  No 10 (15.9) 53 (84.1) 2.3 [1.0-5.0] 0.06 1.5 [0.6-3.8] 0.340