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Table 2 Relative risk of death for smokers and ex-smokers comparing to nonsmokers

From: Smoking-attributable mortality in Morocco: results of a prevalence-based study in Casablanca

  Males Females
Disease category Current smoker Former smoker Current smoker Former smoker
Malignant neoplasms
Lip, Oral cavity, Pharynx 10.89 3.40 5.08 2.29
Esophagus 6.76 4.46 7.75 2.79
Stomach 1.96 1.47 1.36 1.32
Pancreas 2.31 1.15 2.25 1.55
Larynx 14.60 6.34 13.02 5.16
Trachea, lung, bronchus 23.26 8.70 12.69 4.53
Cervix Uteri 0.00 0.00 1.59 1.14
Kidney and renal pelvis 2.72 1.73 1.29 1.05
Urinary bladder 3.27 2.09 2.22 1.89
Acute myeloid leukemia 1.86 1.33 1.13 1.38
Cardiovascular diseases
Ischemic heart disease
Persons aged 35–64 2.80 1.64 3.08 1.32
Persons aged 65+ 1.51 1.21 1.60 1.20
Other heart disease 1.78 1.22 1.49 1.14
Cerebrovascular disease
Persons aged 35–64 3.27 1.04 4.00 1.30
Persons aged 65+ 1.63 1.04 1.49 1.03
Atherosclerosis 2.44 1.33 1.83 1.00
Aortic aneurysm 6.21 3.07 7.07 2.07
Other arterial disease 2.07 1.01 2.17 1.12
Respiratory diseases
Pneumonia, influenza 1.75 1.36 2.17 1.10
Bronchitis, Emphysema 17.10 15.64 12.04 11.77
Chronic airway obstruction 10.58 6.80 13.08 6.78
  1. Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Project “Smoking-Attributable Mortality, Morbidity, and Economic Costs (SAMMEC)”, https://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/sammec/show_risk_data.asp.