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Table 1 Etiological profile of the study population

From: A Centre for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Tuberculosis (CDT) in a resource-limited setting: a dragnet for patients with heart disease?

Diagnosis Frequencies (%) N = 348 95% CI
Cardiac disease   
  Hypertensive heart disease 131 (37.6) 32.7-42.8
  Rheumatic heart disease 8 (2.3) 1.2-4.5
  Ischemic heart disease 2 (0.6) 0.1-2.1
  Arrhythmias 10 (2.9) 1.6-5.2
  Cardiomyopathies 32 (9.2) 6.5-12.9
  Pericarditis 3 (0.9) 0.2-2.7
  Total 186 (53.4) 48.2-58.6
Pulmonary disease   
  COPD 10 (2.9) 1.6-5.2
  Non-tuberculous pneumonia 52 (14.9) 11.6-19.1
  Pulmonary tuberculosis 17 (4.9) 3.1-7.7
  Pleural tuberculosis 6 (1.7) 0.8-3.7
  Bronchitis 36 (10.3) 7.6-14.0
  Asthma 1 (0.3) 0.05-1.6
  Total 122 (35.1) 30.2-40.2
Cardio-pulmonary disease   
  Cor pulmonale 9 (2.6) 1.4-4.9
  Pneumonia/Heart failure 27 (7.8) 5.4-11.1
  Total 36 (10.3) 7.6-14.0
Non cardiac and non-pulmonary disease   
  Anemia 1 (0.3) 0.05-1.6
  Tietze syndrome 3 (0.9) 0.2-2.7
  Total 4 (1.2) 0.4-2.9
  1. COPD: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.