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Table 1 Cross-tabulation of socio-demographic characteristics and National Health Insurance Scheme Membership of children under-five based on Chi-square test statistic with corresponding p-value in Ghana, 2011

From: Determinant of factors associated with child health outcomes and service utilization in Ghana: multiple indicator cluster survey conducted in 2011

   Total NHIS status Chi2; p-value
Variable   Valid NHIS membership Not valid NHIS membership  
   N (% 95% CI) (% 95% CI)  
Mother's education      
  None 2455 24.0 (21.1-27.2) 76.0 (72.8-78.9)  
  Primary 1628 24.8 (21.1-28.9) 75.0 ( 71.1-78.9) 6.43; P < 0.01
  Middle/JSS 2578 28.0 (24.4-31.8) 72.0 (68.2-75.6)  
  Secondary/tertiary 889 37.0 (31.9-42.3) 63.0 (57.7-68.1)  
Residence      
  Urban 3283 29.0 (25.7-32.6) 71.0 (67.4-74.3)  
  Rural 4267 25.6 (22.9-28.4) 74.4 (71.6-77.1) 2.38; P > 0.05
Child's age (months)      
  0-11 1542 12.3 (9.9-15.0) 87.7 (85.0-90.1)  
  12-23 1453 30.8 (27.2-34.8) 69.2 (65.2-72.9)  
  24-35 1553 31.6(27.4-36.3) 68.4 (63.7-72.7) 22.35; P < 0.001
  36-47 1576 30.7 (26.7-35.0) 69.3 (65.0-73.3)  
  48-59 1426 30.2 (26.7(33.9) 69.8 (66.1-73.3  
Sex of child      
  Male 3757 26.7 (24.1-29.6) 73.3 (70.5-75.9)  
  Female 3793 27.4 (24.8-30.2) 72.6 (69.8-75.3) 0.14; P > 0.05
Religion      
  Christian 4910 27.9(25.5-30.5) 72.1 (69.5-74.6)  
  Moslem 1495 27.2 (23.1-31.6) 72.8 (68.4-76.9)  
  Traditional 455 19.6 (15.7-24.3) 80.4 (75.7-84.4) 1.715; P > 0.05
  other religion 140 14.2 (7.1-26.4) 85.8 (73.6-92.9)  
  No religion 550 28.6 (21.8-36.5) 71.3(63.5-78.3)  
Socioeconomic status      
  Poorest 1730 20.5 (17.8-23.6) 79.5 (76.5-82.2)  
  Poorer 1551 23.8 (20.2-27.9) 76.2 (72.2-79.8)  
  Poor 1559 26.4 (21.3-32.2) 73.6 (67.8-78.7) 7.27; P < 0.001
  Less poor 1397 34.5 (29.9-39.4) 65.5 (60.6-70.1)  
  Least poor 1313 32.4 (27.9-37.1) 67.7 (62.9-72.1)