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Table 4 Comparing differences between crude analysis (simple logistic regression) and adjusted analysis (multiple logistic regression) on factors associated with Full Immunization of children under-five in Ghana, 2011

From: Determinant of factors associated with child health outcomes and service utilization in Ghana: multiple indicator cluster survey conducted in 2011

  Crude analysis Adjusted analysis
Covariates/exposure OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95%) p-value
NHIS membership (main exposure variable)     
  No 1 1 1 0.002**
  Yes 2.30 (1.42-3.72) 0.000*** 2.15 (1.34-3.47)  
Sex     
  Male 1 1 1 0.265
  Female 1.21 (0.84-1.74) 0.306 1.24 (0.85-1.79)  
Age in months 1.01 (0.96-1.07) 0.661 1.01 (0.96-1.07) 0.647
Mothers education     
  None 1 1 1 0.696
  Primary 0.91 (0.56-1.47) 0.703 0.90 (0.52-1.55)  
  Secondary 1.47 (0.94-2.31)   1.51 (0.87-2.62)  
  Tertiary 1.83 (0.96-3.39)   1.83 (0.81-4.14)  
Geographic location     
  Rural 1 1 1 0.020*
  Urban 1.32 (0.89-1.96) 0.161 1.86 (1.10-3.12)  
Socioeconomic status     
  Poorest 1 0.710 0.91 (0.54-1.53) 0.715
  Second 0.91(0.56-1.49)   1.03 (0.52-2.03)  
  Middle 1.02 (0.60-1.71)   1.61 (0.72-3.59)  
  Fourth 1.41 (0.79-2.53)   1.26 (0.50-3.16)  
  Richest 1.25 (0.68-2.30)    
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001 significant levels.