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Table 3 Collaborations between Arab countries and foreign countries in public, environmental and occupational health*

From: Public, environmental, and occupational health research activity in Arab countries: bibliometric, citation, and collaboration analysis

Collaborating countries a Number of documents (%) Collaborating countries Number of documents Collaborating countries Number of documents
Arab - North America 983 (21.04%) Arab – Africa 156 (3.33%) Arab - Latin America 98 (2.09%)
USA 910 (19.47) Kenya 57 (1.22) Brazil 31 (0.66)
Canada 103 (2.20) Nigeria 28 (0.60) Peru 23 (0.49)
Arab - Western Europe 1071 (22.91%) South Africa 19 (0.41) Argentina 16 (0.34)
England 371 (7.94) Uganda 19 (0.41) Colombia 14 (0.30)
France 228 (4.88) Ghana 22 (0.47) Cuba 12 (0.26)
Switzerland 123 (2.63) Tanzania 11 (0.24) Mexico 18 (0.39)
Spain 34 (0.73) Burkina Faso 11 (0.24) Chile 7 (0.15)
Netherlands 95 (2.03) Malawi 11 (0.24) Uruguay 4 (0.09)
Germany 92 (1.95) Cameroon 10 (0.21) Costa Rica 3 (0.06)
Sweden 79 (1.69) Zimbabwe 8 (0.17) Barbados 3 (0.06)
Italy 68 (1.46) Ethiopia 8 (0.17) Asiatic Region 279 (5.97%)
Belgium 54 (1.16) Senegal 9 (0.19) Japan 41 (0.88)
Scotland 52 (1.11) Congo 6 (0.13) India 66 (1.41)
Denmark 47 (1.01) Mali 6 (0.13) Indonesia 31 (0.66)
Finland 25 (0.54) Niger 5 (0.11) Malaysia 26 (0.56)
Norway 23 (0.49) Zaire 5 (0.11) Bangladesh 20 (0.43)
Austria 16 (0.34) Cote Ivoire 3 (0.04) Philippines 19 (0.41)
Greece 16 (0.34) Arab - Pacific Region 71 (1.51%) Afghanistan 4 (0.09)
Fed Rep Ger 12 (0.26) Australia 64 (1.37) Pakistan 46 (0.98)
Portugal 10 (0.21) New Zealand 9 (0.19) Thailand 46 (0.98)
Cyprus 8 (0.17) Arab - Eastern Europe 58 (1.24%) Peoples R China 45 (0.96)
Ireland 8 (0.17) Poland 10 (0.21) South korea 17 (0.36)
North Ireland 8 (0.17) Czech Republic 8 (0.17) Vietnam 12 (0.26)
Wales 7 (0.15) Russia 6 (0.13) Singapore 10 (0.21)
Luxembourg 4 (0.09) Hungary 5 (0.11) Nepal 9 (0.19)
Malta 3 (0.06) Estonia 4 (0.09) Uzbekistan 4 (0.09)
Arab - Middle East 46 (0.1%) Macedonia 3 (0.06) Sri Lanka 4 (0.09)
Turkey 11 (0.24) Yugoslavia 3 (0.06) Cambodia 3 (0.06)
Israel 39 (0.88)    Mongol Peo Rep 3 (0.06)
Iran 7 (0.15)     
  1. aThe study identified 2036 (43.57%) documents with 141 countries in Arab- non-Arab country collaboration analysis.
  2. *Each of the following countries in Africa had ≤ 2 document of collaboration with Arab researchers (Afrass Issas, Mozambique, Lesotho, Mauritius, Madagascar, Namibia, Senegambia, Angola, Zambia, Seychelles, Western Sahara, Fr. Polynesia, Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Romania, USSR, Lithuania, Bosnia Herceg, Bulgaia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Serbia, Croatia, Czechoslvokia, Papua N Guinea, Iceland, Liberia, Gabon, Gambia, Sierra Leone, Togo, Burundi, Benin, Botswana, Guinea, Venezuela, Haiti, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Guatemala, Dominican Rep, Jamaica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Panama, Trinid Tobago, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Myanmar, Hong Kong, Hong Kong).