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Table 5 All-cause mortality rate ratios and confidence intervals among young-adult MEN in Belgium by region for 1991–1995 and 2001–2005 (reference category = higher education)

From: Educational inequalities in young-adult mortality between the 1990s and the 2000s: regional differences in Belgium

   91-95 01-05
   Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
FR Higher sec 1.69*** 1.71*** 1.70*** 2.09*** 1.77*** 1.77***
   [1.48,1.94] [1.48,1.97] [1.47,1.96] [1.80,2.43] [1.50,2.08] [1.51,2.09]
  Lower sec 1.94*** 1.86*** 1.87*** 3.04*** 2.28*** 2.32***
   [1.68,2.24] [1.59,2.19] [1.59,2.19] [2.57,3.60] [1.89,2.75] [1.92,2.80]
  Primary 2.81*** 2.23*** 2.27*** 4.01*** 2.31*** 2.48***
   [2.44,3.24] [1.91,2.61] [1.94,2.66] [3.19,5.03] [1.80,2.95] [1.93,3.19]
BCR Higher sec 1.63** 1.68** 1.60** 1.96*** 1.68* 1.72**
   [1.20,2.20] [1.22,2.30] [1.17,2.20] [1.36,2.84] [1.14,2.49] [1.17,2.55]
  Lower sec 2.04*** 1.89*** 1.96*** 2.53*** 1.93** 2.05***
   [1.51,2.76] [1.36,2.62] [1.41,2.72] [1.73,3.71] [1.27,2.93] [1.35,3.12]
  Primary 2.27*** 1.74*** 1.84*** 3.11*** 2.08** 2.34***
   [1.71,3.03] [1.26,2.40] [1.33,2.54] [2.00,4.85] [1.29,3.38] [1.44,3.82]
WR Higher sec 1.54*** 1.62*** 1.59*** 2.17*** 1.90*** 1.88***
   [1.30,1.83] [1.35,1.94] [1.32,1.90] [1.80,2.62] [1.55,2.32] [1.54,2.29]
  Lower sec 1.91*** 1.87*** 1.86*** 2.94*** 2.27*** 2.25***
   [1.60,2.27] [1.55,2.26] [1.54,2.24] [2.42,3.58] [1.83,2.81] [1.81,2.78]
  Primary 2.86*** 2.22*** 2.21*** 3.69*** 2.27*** 2.29***
   [2.42,3.39] [1.84,2.68] [1.83,2.67] [2.87,4.75] [1.73,2.99] [1.74,3.02]
  1. Data: census 1991, 2001 linked to national register, own calculations.
  2. ***: p < 0.001; **: p < 0.010; *: p < 0.050.
  3. FR = Flemish Region, BCR = Brussels-Capital Region, WR = Walloon Region.
  4. Model 1: Controlled by age/Model 2: Controlled by age and employment situation/Model 3: Controlled by age, employment situation and nationality of origin.