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Table 2 Evolution of the between-districts disparity by main causes of premature mortality, Belgium, periods 1993–1997 and 2003-2009

From: Mapping the cause-specific premature mortality reveals large between-districts disparity in Belgium, 2003–2009

Sex = males
Cause of death Mean rate 1993-1997 Mean rate 2003-2009 Coeff.Var. 1993-1997 Coeff.Var. 2003-2009 Decile ratio [CI] 1993-1997 Decile ratio [CI] 2003-2009 Change dec.ratio p value
ALL CAUSES 663.6 515.7 15% 18% 1.56 [1.5; 1.6] 1.71 [1.7; 1.7] 9.7% <0.001
Lip, Oral cav., Pharybx, Larynx & Oesoph. Ca 22.1 18.2 34% 27% 3.19 [2.8; 3.7] 2.56 [2.3; 2.9] −19.8% <0.05
Lung Ca 95.6 67.0 13% 12% 1.46 [1.4; 1.5] 1.47 [1.4; 1.6] 0.2% ns.
Diabetes Mel,multiple causes . 28.4 . 41%   3.41 [3.1; 3.8] .  
Diabetes Mel. (underl.cause) 7.6 7.5 36% 50% 3.19 [2.5; 4.0] 3.78 [3.1; 4.6] 18.5% ns.
Mental & Neurol. DIS 20.7 23.1 24% 34% 2.07 [1.8; 2.3] 2.67 [2.4; 3.0] 29.5% <0.01
Cerebrov. dis. & HTA 35.5 24.1 16% 22% 1.56 [1.4; 1.7] 1.91 [1.7; 2.1] 22.1% <0.01
Cardio-Vasc. Dis 155.4 101.5 14% 14% 1.52 [1.5; 1.6] 1.56 [1.5; 1.6] 2.8% ns.
Chron. Obs. Pulm. Dis. 35.7 23.5 29% 28% 2.20 [2.0; 2.4] 2.34 [2.1; 2.6] 6.1% ns.
Alcohol-rel_dt (Mult.causes) . 40.6 . 46%   5.60 [5.1; 6.2] .  
Alcohol-rel dt (underl.cause) 21.0 19.8 49% 48% 7.52 [6.2; 9.1] 5.64 [4.9; 6.5] −25.0% <0.05
EXTERNAL CAUSES 83.1 72.0 25% 26% 1.93 [1.8; 2.1] 2.00 [1.9; 2.1] 4.1% ns.
Road accident 29.1 20.9 35% 38% 2.70 [2.4; 3.0] 3.42 [3.0; 3.9] 27.0% <0.01
Non transp.acc. (Pois/fall/envir.) 15.3 17.0 30% 32% 2.60 [2.2; 3.0] 2.45 [2.2; 2.8] −5.5% ns.
Suicide 31.9 29.8 25% 24% 2.14 [1.9; 2.4] 1.83 [1.7; 2.0] −14.8% <0.05
Sex = females
Cause of death Mean rate 1993-1997 Mean rate 2003-2009 Coeff.Var. 1993-1997 Coeff.Var. 2003-2009 Decile ratio [CI] 1993-1997 Decile ratio [CI] 2003-2009 Change dec.ratio p value
ALL CAUSES 315.7 261.1 11% 14% 1.40 [1.4; 1.4] 1.54 [1.5; 1.6] 9.8% <0.001
Lip, Oral cav., Pharybx, Larynx & Oesoph. Ca 3.6 3.8 46% 33% 4.74 [3.2; 6.9] 2.54 [2.0; 3.3] −46.3% <0.01
Lung Ca 12.4 16.8 33% 28% 2.69 [2.3; 3.2] 2.52 [2.2; 2.8] −6.3% ns.
Breast Ca 34.2 26.1 14% 13% 1.48 [1.3; 1.6] 1.45 [1.3; 1.6] −1.8% ns.
Diabetes Mel, multiple causes . 15.8 . 35%   2.55 [2.3; 2.9] .  
Diabetes Mel. (underl.cause) 6.6 4.4 33% 38% 2.41 [1.9; 3.1] 2.93 [2.3; 3.7] 21.2% ns.
Mental & Neurol. DIS 13.6 14.5 23% 31% 1.99 [1.7; 2.3] 2.16 [1.9; 2.4] 8.5% ns.
Cerebrov. dis. & HTA 23.2 15.7 18% 18% 1.72 [1.5; 1.9] 1.72 [1.5; 1.9] 0.5% ns.
Cardio-Vasc. Dis 60.9 39.2 15% 18% 1.54 [1.4; 1.7] 1.79 [1.7; 1.9] 15.9% <0.01
Chron. Obs. Pulm. Dis. 7.2 7.9 39% 49% 3.23 [2.6; 4.1] 4.00 [3.4; 4.8] 23.9% ns.
Alcohol-rel_dt (Mult.causes) . 15.2 . 49%   6.06 [5.1; 7.2] .  
Alcohol-rel dt (underl.cause) 9.4 8.5 58% 53% 7.24 [5.6; 9.4] 7.39 [5.8; 9.4] 2.2% ns.
EXTERNAL CAUSES 30.8 25.4 21% 22% 1.86 [1.7; 2.1] 1.91 [1.7; 2.1] 2.5% ns.
Road accident 9.3 6.0 38% 45% 2.68 [2.2; 3.3] 3.65 [2.9; 4.6] 36.0% ns.
Non transp.acc. (Pois/fall/envir.) 6.7 7.0 28% 40% 2.59 [2.0; 3.3] 3.25 [2.7; 3.9] 25.5% ns.
Suicide 11.1 10.1 25% 22% 2.06 [1.7; 2.4] 2.02 [1.7; 2.3] −1.9% ns.