Skip to main content

Table 1 Odds ratios of the 4 mental health disturbances by exposure as compared to the province of Hainaut adjusted for sex, age and educational level 5 and 14 months after the disaster

From: Does exposure type impact differentially over time on the development of mental health disturbances after a technological disaster?

    Depression Anxiety Sleeping disturbance
  OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI)
  5 months 14 months 5 months 14 months 5 months 14 months 5 months 14 months
Province Hainaut (Ref.) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Direct witness, SHD 5.2 (3.0-9.2) 5.6 (2.7-11.6) 4.3 (2.4-7.7) 4.6 (2.2-9.6) 5.0 (2.8-8.9) 5.9 (2.9-12.2) 4.6 (2.9-7.3) 4.2 (2.3-7.9)
Direct witness, NSHD 0.9 (0.6-1.4) 1.1 (0.7-1.7) 0.8 (0.6-1.2) 0.8 (0.5-1.3) 1.0 (0.7-1.5) 1.1 (0.7-1.7) 1.3 (0.9-1.6) 0.8 (0.5-1.1)
Indirect witness 1.3 (0.8-2.1) 1.7 (0.9-2.9) 1.3 (0.9-2.1) 1.2 (0.7-2.1) 1.2 (0.8-1.9) 1.6 (0.9-2.7) 1.5 (1.1-1.9) 0.9 (0.6-1.5)
Sex (women vs men) 1.2 (1.1-1.4) 1.3 (1.2-1.5) 1.1 (0.9-1.2) 1.1 (1.0-1.2) 0.9 (0.9-1.0) 0.9 (0.9-1.1) 1.2 (1.1-1.3) 1.2 (1.1-1.3)
Age (by 10 years) 2.0 (1.5-2.7) 2.0 (1.4-2.8) 2.1 (1.5-2.8) 2.3 (1.6-3.2) 2.2 (1.6-3.0) 2.1 (1.5-3.0) 1.2 (0.9-1.4) 1.5 (1.2-1.9)
Educational level (low vs high) 1.6 (1.1-2.1) 1.6 (1.1-2.2) 1.6 (1.2-2.2) 1.4 (1.0-2.0) 1.6 (1.1-2.2) 1.4 (0.9-2.0) 1.4 (1.1-1.7) 1.3 (1.0-1.7)
  1. SHD = Seen human damage, NSHD = Not seen human damage.
  2. Total N at 5 months = 2184 subjects (Ghislenghien n = 966; Hainaut n = 1218); Total N at 14 months = 1708 subjects (Ghislenghien n = 492; Hainaut n = 1216).
  3. Multilogistic regression model.