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Table 2 Morbidity by demographic factors of the study population of under-five children with severe acute malnutrition attending University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka Zambia

From: Mortality and morbidity patterns in under-five children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in Zambia: a five-year retrospective review of hospital-based records (2009–2013)

Characteristic Morbidity P value*
  Marasmus Kwashiorkor Marasmic-Kwashiorkor  
  %(n) % (n) % (n)  
Sex     0.337
Male 52 (1 023) 54 (3 037) 54 (824)  
Female 48 (929) 46 (2 572) 46 (685)  
Median age 15 months 18 months 17 months 0.0001**
  IQR (11–20) IQR (12–23) IQR (12–22)  
HIV status     0.000
Negative 59.9 (1 050) 69.6 (3 521) 69.5 (942)  
Positive 40.1 (703) 30.4 (1 537) 414 (30.5)  
Co-morbidity     0.009
Anaemia 7.4 (33) 13.2 (121) 13.4 (50)  
Diarrhoea 31.4 (140) 27.6 (253) 33.6 (125)  
Pneumonia 25.8 (115) 210 (22.9) 23.4 (87)  
Septicaemia 5.2 (23) 5.4 (50) 5.1 (19)  
Tuberculosis 35 (7.8) 56 (6.1) 7.5 (28)  
Other 99 (22.2) 225 (24.6) 16.7 (62)  
Residence     0.200
Lusaka 91.9 (1 003) 93.5 (2 656) 93.0 (866)  
Out of Lusaka 8.1 (88) 6.5 (183) 7.0 (65)  
  1. *Tested using Chi square.
  2. **Tested using Kruskal –Wallis.