Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographic, clinical, and laboratory profiles of TB/HIV infected patients in Yaoundé Central Hospital (2006–2013), overall and by sex

From: Characteristics of patients co-infected with HIV at the time of inpatient tuberculosis treatment initiation in Yaoundé, Cameroon: a tertiary care hospital-based cross-sectional study

  Malen = 157 Femalen = 180 p TotalN = 337
Socio-demographic profile     
Mean age, years 41.8 (9.2) 37.1 (10.7) < .0001 39.3 (10.3)
Level of education     
• No formal 16 (10.2) 32 (17.8) .042 48 (14.2)
• Primary 26 (16.6) 22 (12.2)   48 (14.2)
• Secondary 64 (40.8) 85 (47.2)   149 (44.2)
• University 51 (32.5) 41 (22.8)   92 (27.3)
Residence     
• Rural 22 (14.0) 14 (7.8) .065 36 (10.7)
• Urban 135 (86.0) 166 (92.2)   301 (89.3)
Matrimonial status     
• Alone (single/divorced/widower) 59 (37.6) 123 (68.3) < .0001 182 (54.0)
• Married 98 (62.4) 57 (31.7)   155 (46.0)
Clinical profile     
Clinical presentation of TB     
• PTB+ only 48 (30.6) 77 (42.8) .020 125 (37.1)
• PTB- only 32 (20.4) 43 (23.9)   75 (22.3)
• EPTB only 65 (41.4) 54 (30.0)   119 (35.3)
• EPTB + PTB 12 (7.6) 6 (3.3)   18 (5.3)
TB status at diagnosis     
• New 135 (86.0) 162 (90.0) .256 297 (88.1)
• Retreatment 22 (14.0) 18 (10.0)   40 (11.9)
Mean duration of known HIV infected, months 10.3 (22.1) 6.5 (15.8) .076 8.2 (19.0)
Mean body weight, kg¥ 55.4 (9.7)α 51.5 (10.4)β .001 52.3 (10.3)
  55.6 (9.9) 51.3 (10.4) .001 53.3 (10.4)
Presence of another (excluding TB) AIDS opportunist infections (stage 2 – 4 of WHO classification of HIV infection) 28 (17.8) 25 (13.96) .321 53 (15.7)
Presence of other comorbidities, non-AIDS and non-TB 18 (11.5) 22 (12.2) .830 40 (11.9)
Co-trimoxazole prophylactic therapy 125 (79.6) 143 (79.4) .969 268 (79.5)
Antiretroviral therapy 112 (71.3) 115 (63.9) .146 227 (67.4)
Biological profile     
Median CD4 count, cell/mm3 ¥ 74 (27–193)μ 115 (42–172)£ .363 102 (33–178)
  75 (28–193) 116 (43–174) .681 103 (34–181)
Median white blood cell count, cell/mm3 ¥ 5,115 (3,300-7,800)π 5,100 (3,400-8,000)ε .871 5,100 (3,300-7,990)
  5,100 (3250–7800) 5,200 (3,300-8,200) .682 5,130 (3,300-8,000)
Median hemoglobin level, g/dl¥ 9 (7–10)π 8 (6–10)ε .003 8 (7–10)
  9 (7–10) 8 (6–10) .002 8 (7–10)
  1. Data are mean (standard deviation), n (%) and median (interquartile range).
  2. Missing data: α20, β16, μ10, £18, π7, and ε11.
  3. PTB+ and PTB-: smear –positive and –negative pulmonary TB.
  4. EPTB: Extra pulmonary TB.
  5. ¥The row under this variable presents sensitivity analysis after multiple imputation of missing data.