Skip to main content

Table 2 Comparison of socio-demographic, clinical, and laboratory profiles between patients with a new diagnosis of TB and those with retreatment TB in Yaoundé Central Hospital (2006–2013)

From: Characteristics of patients co-infected with HIV at the time of inpatient tuberculosis treatment initiation in Yaoundé, Cameroon: a tertiary care hospital-based cross-sectional study

  Retreatment casesn = 40 New casesn = 297 p
Socio-demographic profile    
Male 22 (55.0) 135 (45.5) .256
Mean age, years 42.4 (8.6) 38.9 (10.4) .042
Level of education    
• No formal 5 (12.5) 43 (14.5) .956
• Primary 5 (12.5) 43 (14.5)  
• Secondary 18 (45.0) 131 (44.1)  
• University 12 (30.0) 80 (26.9)  
Residence    
• Rural 4 (10.0) 32 (10.8) 1.0
• Urban 36 (90.0) 265 (89.2)
Matrimonial status    
• Alone (single/divorced/widower) 17 (42.5) 165 (55.6) .120
• Married 23 (57.5) 132 (44.4)
Clinical profile    
Clinical presentation of TB    
• PTB+ only 16 (40.0) 109 (36.7) .975
• PTB- only 8 (20.0) 65 (22.6)  
• EPTB only 14 (35.0) 105 (35.4)  
• EPTB + PTB 2 (5.0) 16 (5.4)  
Mean duration of known HIV infected, months 22.9 (33.6) 6.3 (15.2) .004
Mean body weight, kg¥ 53.2 (9.5)α 53.2 (10.4)β .996
  53.2 (9.4) 53.3 (10.5) .941
Presence of another (excluding TB) AIDS opportunist infections (stage 2 – 4 of WHO classification of HIV infection) 4 (10.0) 49 (16.5) .286
Presence of another comorbidities, no AIDS-no TB 8 (20.0) 32 (10.8) .114
Co-trimoxazole prophylactic therapy 32 (80.0) 236 (79.8) .937
Antiretroviral therapy 32 (80.0) 195 (65.7) .069
Biological profile    
Median CD4 count, cell/mm3 ¥ 74 (19–169) 102 (34–181)£ .298
  74 (19–169) 105 (35–184) .238
Median white blood cell count, cell/mm3 ¥ 5,750 (3,825-8,045) 5,000 (3,290-7,900)ε .615
  5,750 (3,825-8,045) 5,100 (3,260-8,000) .538
Median hemoglobin level, g/dl¥ 9 (7–10) 8 (7–10)ε .846
  9 (7–10) 8 (7–10) .802
  1. Data are mean (standard deviation), n (%) and median (interquartile range).
  2. Missing data:α2, β34, £28, and ε18.
  3. PTB+ and PTB-: smear -positive and –negative pulmonary TB.
  4. EPTB: Extra pulmonary TB.
  5. ¥The row under this variable presents sensitivity analysis after multiple imputation of missing data.