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Table 6 Rank of absolute contribution of diseases and background to the prevalence of disability, according to disability severity in men. Health Interview Survey, Belgium, 1997, 2001, 2004, and 2008

From: Contribution of chronic diseases to the mild and severe disability burden in Belgium

Rank Mild disability
15–54 years 55–64 years 65–79 years ≥80 years
Diseases % 95 % CI Diseases % 95 % CI Diseases % 95 % CI Diseases % 95 % CI
1 Background 0.92 0.91;0.92 Background 1.81 1.77;1.86 Background 7.86 7.57;8.17 Background 19.68 18.74;20.52
2 Low back pain 0.52 0.36;0.70 Low back pain 1.66 0.99;2.45 Arthritis 1.97 1.07;2.98 Heart attack 3.48 1.74;5.76
3 Arthritis 0.22 0.13;0.33 Arthritis 1.55 0.91;2.27 Heart attack 1.91 1.10;2.80 Arthritis 2.57 1.21;4.38
4 Depression 0.21 0.11;0.35 Heart attack 1.10 0.55;1.74 Low back pain 1.82 1.16;2.57 Chronic respiratory diseases 1.60 0.68;2.82
5 Chronic respiratory diseases 0.20 0.11;0.30 Chronic respiratory diseases 0.73 0.33;1.24 Chronic respiratory diseases 1.26 0.58;2.04 Low back pain 1.43 0.78;2.27
6 Neurological diseases 0.13 0.06;0.22 Depression 0.47 0.22;0.79 Osteoporosis 0.77 0.32;1.38 Neurological diseases 1.15 0.30;2.54
7 Stomach ulcer 0.11 0.04;0.19 Stomach ulcer 0.47 0.17;0.84 Neurological diseases 0.73 0.22;1.50 Osteoporosis 1.06 0.42;1.93
8 Heart attack 0.07 0.03;0.13 Osteoporosis 0.41 0.19;0.67 Cancer 0.60 0.10;1.18 Cancer 0.74 0.10;1.58
9 Osteoporosis 0.05 0.02;0.10 Cancer 0.24 0.04;0.49 Stomach ulcer 0.50 0.19;0.87 Stomach ulcer 0.66 0.20;1.29
10 Diabetes 0.02 0.00;0.04 Neurological diseases 0.18 0.07;0.32 Depression 0.44 0.22;0.72 Depression 0.40 0.14;0.78
11 Cancer 0.02 0.00;0.05 Stroke 0.12 0.00;0.33 Stroke 0.23 0.00;0.47 Stroke 0.82 −0.01;2.17
12 Chronic cystitis 0.01 0.00;0.03 Other diseasesa 0.18 −0.05;0.47 Diabetes 0.32 −0.05;0.78 Other diseasesa 0.33 −0.09;0.89
13 Stroke 0.01 0.00;0.03 Diabetes 0.17 −0.03;0.42 Other diseasesa 0.25 −0.07;0.66 Diabetes 0.32 −0.05;0.88
14 Bowel diseases 0.01 −0.01;0.07 Chronic cystitis 0.07 −0.01;0.17 Chronic cystitis 0.15 −0.02;0.40 Chronic cystitis 0.21 −0.04;0.61
15 Other diseasesa 0.07 −0.02;0.16 Bowel diseases 0.03 −0.05;0.24 Bowel diseases 0.04 −0.07;0.30 Bowel diseases 0.06 −0.10;0.41
- Total disability prevalence 2.57 2.24;2.94 Total disability prevalence 9.16 7.37;11.11 Total disability prevalence 18.84 16.18;21.47 Total disability prevalence 34.51 29.91;39.84
Rank Severe Disability
15–54 years 55–64 years 65–79 years ≥80 years
Diseases    Diseases % 95 % CI Diseases % 95 % CI Diseases % 95 % CI
1 Background 0.64 0.64;0.64 Background 0.92 0.91;0.93 Background 3.18 3.09;3.27 Background 17.37 16.28;18.47
2 Chronic respiratory diseases 0.11 0.05;0.18 Chronic respiratory diseases 0.43 0.15;0.81 Chronic respiratory diseases 0.90 0.32;1.59 Chronic respiratory diseases 2.06 0.70;4.12
3 Low back pain 0.09 0.03;0.18 Heart attack 0.34 0.09;0.66 Heart attack 0.88 0.25;1.78 Heart attack 1.85 0.57;3.46
4 Depression 0.06 0.00;0.14 Arthritis 0.31 0.02;0.70 Arthritis 0.55 0.03;1.30 Stroke 1.63 0.65;3.01
5 Neurological diseases 0.06 0.03;0.11 Low back pain 0.29 0.07;0.60 Stroke 0.49 0.23;0.83 Osteoporosis 1.23 0.10;2.74
6 Arthritis 0.04 0.00;0.10 Diabetes 0.19 0.02;0.45 Low back pain 0.43 0.14;0.78 Arthritis 1.00 0.06;2.35
7 Chronic cystitis 0.03 0.00;0.08 Depression 0.16 0.00;0.42 Chronic cystitis 0.38 0.03;0.82 Neurological diseases 0.99 0.39;1.91
8 Heart attack 0.02 0.00;0.05 Stroke 0.15 0.05;0.31 Diabetes 0.36 0.05;0.70 Chronic cystitis 0.98 0.07;2.28
9 Stroke 0.02 0.00;0.04 Osteoporosis 0.15 0.01;0.31 Osteoporosis 0.35 0.03;0.82 Diabetes 0.57 0.06;1.26
10 Diabetes 0.01 0.00;0.04 Neurological diseases 0.15 0.04;0.35 Neurological diseases 0.33 0.12;0.57 Low back pain 0.56 0.18;1.11
11 Osteoporosis 0.01 0.00;0.03 Chronic cystitis 0.11 0.01;0.26 Depression 0.27 0.00;0.87 Depression 0.38 −0.01;1.09
12 Cancer 0.00 0.00;0.01 Cancer 0.03 −0.01;0.09 Cancer 0.10 −0.03;0.31 Bowel diseases 0.14 −0.09;0.60
13 Bowel diseases 0.01 −0.01;0.04 Bowel diseases 0.03 −0.02;0.15 Other diseasesa 0.07 −0.19;0.48 Other diseasesa 0.14 −0.34;0.94
14 Other diseasesa 0.01 −0.04;0.08 Other diseasesa 0.03 −0.10;0.22 Bowel diseases 0.06 −0.04;0.22 Cancer 0.11 −0.03;0.36
15 Stomach ulcer 0.00 −0.01;0.01 Stomach ulcer −0.02 −0.04;0.02 Stomach ulcer −0.03 −0.09;0.03 Stomach ulcer −0.04 −0.13;0.07
- Total disability prevalence 1.12 0.94;1.33 Total disability prevalence 3.28 2.24;4.39 Total disability prevalence 8.32 6.43;10.34 Total disability prevalence 28.97 24.96;33.96
  1. The disease contribution do not sum to the total disability prevalence due to rounding
  2. Arthritis: osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis; chronic respiratory diseases: asthma, chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, emphysema; neurological diseases: epilepsy and Parkinson’s disease
  3. aOther diseases: kidney diseases, liver diseases, gall-stones, glaucoma, cataract, thyroid problems, skin diseases, and migraine