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Table 7 Rank of absolute contribution of diseases and background to the prevalence of disability, according to disability severity in women. Health Interview Survey, Belgium, 1997, 2001, 2004, and 2008

From: Contribution of chronic diseases to the mild and severe disability burden in Belgium

Rank Mild disability
15–54 years 55–64 years 65–79 years ≥80 years
Diseases % 95 % CI Diseases % 95 % CI Diseases % 95 % CI Diseases % 95 % CI
1 Background 1.08 1.08;1.08 Arthritis 3.67 2.59;4.88 Background 10.55 10.23;10.85 Background 24.72 23.86;25.65
2 Arthritis 0.63 0.42;0.91 Background 2.83 2.79;2.86 Arthritis 6.44 4.69;8.36 Arthritis 7.68 4.82;10.54
3 Low back pain 0.59 0.40;0.81 Low back pain 1.73 1.01;2.63 Low back pain 2.38 1.47;3.35 Low back pain 2.37 1.26;3.64
4 Chronic respiratory diseases 0.30 0.16;0.45 Depression 0.61 0.25;1.05 Chronic respiratory diseases 0.94 0.45;1.51 Heart attack 1.26 0.40;2.39
5 Depression 0.27 0.12;0.43 Chronic respiratory diseases 0.57 0.29;0.89 Heart attack 0.94 0.36;1.56 Chronic respiratory diseases 0.89 0.43;1.57
6 Bowel diseases 0.19 0.07;0.34 Bowel diseases 0.45 0.17;0.77 Diabetes 0.80 0.24;1.40 Diabetes 0.74 0.21;1.47
7 Diabetes 0.07 0.02;0.13 Diabetes 0.44 0.13;0.82 Bowel diseases 0.73 0.24;1.43 Stroke 0.68 0.20;1.32
8 Heart attack 0.05 0.02;0.09 Heart attack 0.32 0.11;0.57 Depression 0.66 0.26;1.21 Bowel diseases 0.56 0.19;1.05
9 Cancer 0.03 0.00;0.07 Stroke 0.24 0.07;0.49 Stroke 0.43 0.12;0.92 Depression 0.47 0.17;0.90
10 Stroke 0.03 0.01;0.08 Cancer 0.17 0.02;0.40 Cancer 0.30 0.04;0.64 Cancer 0.20 0.02;0.49
11 Other diseasesa 0.18 −0.01;0.40 Other diseasesa 0.33 −0.03;0.78 Osteoporosis 0.33 −0.32;1.11 Osteoporosis 0.38 −0.34;1.35
12 Stomach ulcer 0.02 −0.03;0.11 Osteoporosis 0.16 −0.15;0.51 Other diseasesa 0.47 −0.05;1.09 Other diseasesa 0.56 −0.04;1.35
13 Neurological diseases 0.02 −0.01;0.07 Neurological diseases 0.08 −0.03;0.27 Stomach ulcer 0.09 −0.12;0.46 Neurological diseases 0.13 −0.04;0.41
14 Osteoporosis 0.01 −0.01;0.05 Stomach ulcer 0.07 −0.09;0.35 Neurological diseases 0.07 −0.02;0.22 Stomach ulcer 0.08 −0.12;0.43
15 Chronic cystitis −0.01 −0.03;0.05 Chronic cystitis −0.01 −0.06;0.10 Chronic cystitis −0.02 −0.09;0.18 Chronic cystitis −0.02 −0.14;0.26
- Total disability prevalence 3.47 3.04;3.90 Total disability prevalence 11.66 9.68;13.72 Total disability prevalence 25.10 22.32;27.93 Total disability prevalence 40.71 36.32;44.77
Rank Severe Disability
15–54 years 55–64 years 65–79 years ≥80 years
Diseases    Diseases % 95 % CI Diseases % 95 % CI Diseases % 95 % CI
1 Background 0.72 0.72;0.72 Background 1.13 1.08;1.18 Arthritis 3.25 1.84;4.68 Background 26.38 24.43;28.38
2 Arthritis 0.10 0.04;0.19 Arthritis 0.76 0.35;1.28 Background 2.74 2.60;2.89 Arthritis 7.08 3.54;11.35
3 Neurological diseases 0.08 0.02;0.21 Low back pain 0.25 0.03;0.55 Low back pain 0.87 0.11;1.73 Stroke 3.04 1.64;5.04
4 Depression 0.07 0.01;0.13 Neurological diseases 0.25 0.09;0.47 Diabetes 0.84 0.36;1.40 Neurological diseases 2.54 1.34;4.18
5 Low back pain 0.07 0.01;0.15 Depression 0.19 0.02;0.40 Osteoporosis 0.80 0.12;1.56 Osteoporosis 1.61 0.24;3.29
6 Chronic respiratory diseases 0.05 0.01;0.11 Diabetes 0.18 0.07;0.33 Neurological diseases 0.71 0.35;1.14 Heart attack 1.45 0.00;3.38
7 Chronic cystitis 0.03 0.00;0.07 Osteoporosis 0.17 0.02;0.39 Stroke 0.66 0.32;1.05 Low back pain 1.41 0.18;2.80
8 Stomach ulcer 0.03 0.00;0.06 Stroke 0.15 0.05;0.31 Depression 0.54 0.05;1.06 Diabetes 1.37 0.50;2.39
9 Bowel diseases 0.03 0.00;0.08 Chronic respiratory diseases 0.13 0.01;0.29 Chronic respiratory diseases 0.48 0.05;1.03 Depression 0.93 0.08;2.00
10 Diabetes 0.02 0.01;0.04 Stomach ulcer 0.13 0.00;0.29 Heart attack 0.48 0.00;1.01 Stomach ulcer 0.92 0.00;2.37
11 Cancer 0.01 0.00;0.03 Bowel diseases 0.13 0.00;0.30 Bowel diseases 0.46 0.02;1.07 Chronic respiratory diseases 0.89 0.11;1.90
12 Heart attack 0.01 0.00;0.02 Chronic cystitis 0.09 0.01;0.20 Cancer 0.44 0.02;1.00 Chronic cystitis 0.77 0.08;1.64
13 Stroke 0.01 0.00;0.03 Cancer 0.08 0.00;0.21 Stomach ulcer 0.35 0.00;0.76 Cancer 0.72 0.02;2.16
14 Osteoporosis 0.01 0.00;0.03 Heart attack 0.07 0.00;0.17 Chronic cystitis 0.26 0.03;0.57 Bowel diseases 0.61 0.03;1.37
15 Other diseasesa 0.04 −0.03;0.13 Other diseasesa 0.11 −0.06;0.32 Other diseasesa 0.36 −0.26;1.00 Other diseasesa 0.81 −0.54;2.34
- Total disability prevalence 1.29 1.03;1.60 Total disability prevalence 3.80 2.67;5.03 Total disability prevalence 13.26 11.29;15.41 Total disability prevalence 50.51 45.45;56.07
  1. The disease contribution do not sum to the total disability prevalence due to rounding
  2. Arthritis: osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis; chronic respiratory diseases: asthma, chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, emphysema; neurological diseases: epilepsy and Parkinson’s disease
  3. aOther diseases: kidney diseases, liver diseases, gall-stones, glaucoma, cataract, thyroid problems, skin diseases, and migraine