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Table 5 Children admitted for treatment of severe acute malnutrition by admissions criteria in health zones where mothers or community health workers performed malnutrition screening, Mirriah District, Niger between June 2013 and May 2014

From: Mothers screening for malnutrition by mid-upper arm circumference is non-inferior to community health workers: results from a large-scale pragmatic trial in rural Niger

Admission Criteria Mothers Zone Community Health Workers Zone Risk Differencea
[95 % CI]
p-value
(n = 1,371) (n = 988)
Edema 9 (0.66 %) 4 (0.40 %) 0.25 % [−0.33; 0.83] 0.4154a
Edema, MUAC <115 mm, height ≥ 65/67 cm 5 (0.36 %) 6 (0.61 %) −0.24 % [−0.82; 0.34] 0.3935c
MUAC <115 mm, height ≥ 65/67 cm 564 (41.14 %) 407 (41.19 %) −0.06 % [−4.08; 3.97] 0.9781a
WHZ < −3, MUAC ≥115 mm, height ≥ 65/67 cm 572 (41.72 %) 410 (41.50 %) 0.22 % [−3.81;4,26] 0.9135a
WHZ < −3, height <65/67 cm (no MUAC taken) 221 (16.12 %) 161 (16.30 %) −0.18 % [−3.29; 3.84] 0.9089a
  1. MUAC mid-upper arm circumference, CHW Community Health Worker, MAM Moderate acute malnutrition, WHZ weight for height Z-score
  2. aRisk Difference: The difference between the proportion admitted in the Mothers Zone and the proportion admitted in the CHWs Zone
  3. bTwo-tailed p-value for Yates corrected chi-square test (admission criteria in Mothers Zone and admissions criteria in CHWs Zone.)
  4. cTwo-tailed p-value for Fisher exact test (admission criteria in Mothers Zone and admissions criteria in CHWs Zone.)