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Table 6 Comparison of referral source for children admitted to severe acute malnutrition treatment by MUAC <115 mm in health zones where mothers or community health workers performed malnutrition screening, Mirriah District, Niger between June 2013 and May 2014

From: Mothers screening for malnutrition by mid-upper arm circumference is non-inferior to community health workers: results from a large-scale pragmatic trial in rural Niger

  Mothers Zone Community Health Workers Zone Risk differencea
[95 % CI]
p-value
(n = 569) (n = 413)
Spontaneous 150 (26.36 %) 31 (7.51 %) 18.86 % [14.43; 23.28] <0.0001b
From MAM treatment 10 (1.76 %) 46 (11.14 %) −9.38 % [−12.60; −6.16] <0.0001b
MUAC by mother or CHW 300 (52.72 %) 264 (63.92 %) −11.20 % [−17.39; −5.01] <0.0005b
Otherc 76 (13.36 %) 55 (13.32 %) 0.04 % [−4.27; 4.35] 0.9856b
Not specified 33 (5.80 %) 17 (4.12 %) 1.68 % [−1.03; 4.40] 0.2368b
  1. aRisk Difference: The difference between the proportion referred in the Mothers Zone and the proportion referred in the CHWs Zone
  2. bTwo-tailed p-value for Yates corrected chi-square test (referral source in Mothers Zone and referral source in CHWs Zone)
  3. cSurveys, vaccination, other non-governmental organization activities