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Table 3 Factors associated with iodine deficiency (urine iodine level <100 μg/l) among school children (6–12 years), Robe District, southeast Ethiopia, 2015 (n =393)

From: Iodine deficiency and associated factors among school children: a cross-sectional study in Ethiopia

Characteristics Iodine deficiency   
Yes (#) No (#) CORa (95 % CI) AORb (95 % CI)
Sex of the child
 Male 80 97 1 1
 Female 144 72 2.4 (1.6, 3.5) 2.2 (1.5, 3.6)*
Age of the child (in Years)
 6–9 110 113 1 1
 10–12 114 56 2.2 (1.4, 3.4) 1.9 (1.2, 3.1)*
Father’s education
 Illiterate 12 7 1  
 Literate 212 162 1.3 (0.6, 8.9)  
Mother’s education
 Illiterate 26 11 1.9 (0.7, 11.1)  
 Literate 199 157 1  
Skipping regular meal
 Yes 79 52 1.2 (0.3, 2.4)  
 No 145 117 1  
Salt iodine content
 Inadequately iodized 154 125 1  
 Adequately iodized 70 44 1.3 (0.8, 3.1)  
  1. *P < 0.05
  2. aCrude Odds Ratio
  3. bAdjusted Odds Ratio