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Table 3 Multinomial logistic regression result of socio-demographic characteristics by physical activity levels with reference to low physical activity in adults South Africans from Cape Town and Mount Frere communities in 2008-2009

From: Prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of physical activity levels among South African adults in Cape Town and Mount Frere communities in 2008-2009

Variables Urban (n = 877) p-value Rural (n = 856) p-value Overall (N = 1733) p-value
Physical activity Physical activity Physical activity
Moderate Vigorous Moderate Vigorous Moderate Vigorous
ORa 95%-CI ORa 95%-CI ORa 95%-CI ORa 95%-CI ORa 95%-CI ORa 95%-CI
Gender      0.351      0.154      0.050
 Men 1.00   1.00    1.00   1.00    1.00   1.00   
 Women 0.89 0.61-1.32 0.71 0.44-1.14   0.91 0.62-1.35 0.63 0.38-1.01   0.91 0.69-1.19 0.66* 0.47-0.93  
Age      0.360      <0.001      <0.001
 65 and above 1.00   1.00    1.00   1.00    1.00   1.00 2.07-8.13  
 35-44 1.40 0.75-2.61 2.31 0.83-6.44   2.66*** 1.53-4.64 6.12*** 2.40-15.62   2.03*** 1.36-3.05 4.06*** 2.05-8.05  
 45-54 1.31 0.70-2.48 2.47 0.88-6.94   2.89*** 1.65-5.09 3.29* 1.24-8.70   2.01*** 1.33-3.03 3.12*** 1.59-6.28  
 55-64 1.69 0.91-3.12 3.12* 1.13-8.60   2.26** 1.32-3.86 2.98* 1.15-7.75   1.99*** 1.34-2.96 3.00*** 1.49-6.103  
Education level     0.072      0.292      0.116
 Tertiary 1.00   1.00    1.00   1.00    1.00   1.00   
 Primary 1.68 0.82-3.42 1.06 0.43-2.64   0.42 0.11-1.56 0.54 0.12-2.43   1.26 0.70-2.27 1.05 0.51-2.15  
 Secondary 2.06* 1.08-3.92 1.87 0.85-4.08   0.44 0.12-1.69 0.63 0.14-2.73   1.43 0.82-2.51 1.49 0.76-2.91  
Marital status      0.041      0.797      0.126
 Divorced 1.00   1.00    1.00   1.00    1.00   1.00   
 Single 1.66 0.99-2.78 2.10* 1.03-4.28   0.95 0.60-1.50 1.35 0.72-2.53   1.23 0.88-1.72 1.69* 1.06-2.69  
 Married 1.24 0.74-2.07 1.09 0.53-2.26   1.02 0.68-1.53 1.28 0.72-2.30   1.10 0.81-1.51 1.20 0.77-1.88  
Occupation      <0.001      <0.001      <0.001
 Less skilled 1.00   1.00    1.00   1.00    1.00   1.00   
 Skilled 0.84 0.54-1.32 1.69* 1.00-2.85   1.23 0.73-2.06 2.70*** 1.51-4.83   0.99 0.71-1.39 2.07*** 1.41-3.05  
Location                <0.001
 Rural            1.00   1.00   
 Urban            1.67*** 1.31-2.13 1.20 0.87-1.65  
  1. OR odds ratios, CI confidence interval; *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001; a Odds ratios adjusted for all variables in the table; bold p = significant borderline