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Table 2 Distribution (%) of undernutrition status among under-5 children by selected background characteristics

From: Effects of individual, household and community characteristics on child nutritional status in the slums of urban Bangladesh

Background characteristics Stunting Underweight
Slums Non-slums Slums Non-slums
Mother’s age at birth
  < 20 years 53.1 35.6 46.0 33.6
 20–34 years 48.2 33.1 41.1 25.2
 35+ years 51.1 32.5 42.7 21.6
Birth order
 1 50.9 30.0 43.7 26.5
 2–3 47.6 35.4 40.9 25.1
 4+ 52.7 41.7 44.3 36.0
Region
 Other Division 47.3 31.7 42.9 26.9
 Dhaka 51.1 34.5 42.2 26.1
Mother’s education
 No education 53.1 47.7 46.2 40.5
 Primary 53.2 41.9 46.0 33.3
 Secondary+ 42.8 29.9 35.6 23.4
Child’s age in months
  < 9 26.4 22.5 26.0 16.9
 9–23 53.6 39.3 38.8 25.4
 24–59 52.7 33.4 47.7 29.0
Wealth Quintile
 Non-poor 42.3 30.4 34.5 23.4
 Poor 52.1 43.6 45.2 36.6
Distance from health facility
  < 1 km 49.9 33.1 42.1 26.1
 1–2 km 49.1 34.7 44.7 27.6
  > 2 km 49.3 33.4 34.0 26.3
Number of available community health worker
 None 49.9 32.7 41.8 26.2
 One 48.3 31.7 41.6 24.5
 Two or more 50.2 36.5 43.8 28.4
Land ownership
 Personal 49.3 33.5 42.3 26.5
 Government 53.3 31.5 44.5 21.6
Duration of residence
  < 2 years 51.1 30.7 46.5 31.1
 2–5 years 47.7 35.2 41.7 27.7
  > 5 years 49.8 33.4 42.2 25.8
Exposure to media (paper, radio or TV)
 Less than daily 54.1 42.8 46.7 37.5
 Daily 47.8 32.4 40.7 25.2
Household size
 1–3 48.9 34.7 41.0 29.0
 4–5 50.1 33.5 43.3 24.8
 6+ 49.4 32.6 42.2 27.4
Sanitation facility
 Not-improved 54.3 33.4 46.0 25.5
 Improved 48.7 33.5 41.8 26.7
Garbage disposal
 In open space 50.8 35.9 43.6 31.3
 Disposed 48.2 32.4 41.1 24.2
NGO’s membership
 Not member 50.2 32.5 42.4 25.6
 Member 46.7 46.3 43.2 36.8
Mother’s working status
 Unemployed/works from home 48.5 32.7 40.8 26.4
 Works outside home 54.7 40.7 49.9 26.3
Total observations 5,027 2,559 5,231 2,657