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Table 3 Regression estimates on undernutrition status among children living in urban slums, 2013

From: Effects of individual, household and community characteristics on child nutritional status in the slums of urban Bangladesh

Background Characteristics Stunting Underweight
  Individual- level Household- level Cluster- level Model A Individual- level Household- level Cluster- level Model B
Mother’s age at birth (reference: <20 years)
 20-34 years 0.85     0.84    
 35+ years 0.84     0.83    
Mother’s education (reference: no education)
 Primary 1.03    1.05 1.03    1.07
 Secondary + 0.67***    0.74** 0.68***    0.76**
Birth order (reference: 1)
 2-3 0.90     0.90    
 4+ 0.99     0.93    
Child’s age (reference: <9 months)
 9-23 months 3.30***    3.31*** 1.79***    1.82***
 24-59 months 3.13***    3.15*** 2.50***    2.57***
Exposure to media (paper, radio or TV) (reference: less than daily)
 Daily 0.81*    0.86 0.83*    0.88
Mother’s working status (reference: unemployed/works from home)
 Outside home 1.07     1.21*    1.16
NGO’s membership (reference: not member)
 Member 0.85     1.03    
Wealth status (reference: non-poor)
 Poor   1.49***   1.31**   1.57***   1.36**
Duration of residence (reference: <2 years)
 2-5 years   1.09     0.98   
 >5 years   1.03     0.96   
Sanitation facility (reference: not improved)
 Improved   0.80*   0.81   0.84   0.84
Garbage disposal (reference: in open space)
 Disposed   0.96     0.98   
Household size (reference: 1-3)
 4-5   1.08     1.15   
 6+   1.09     1.14   
Distance from health facility (reference: <1 km)
 1-2 km    0.96     1.11 1.12
 >2 km    0.94     0.72 0.65*
Number of available community health worker (reference: none)
 One    0.88     0.98  
 Two or more    0.95     1.07  
Region (reference: other division)
 Dhaka    1.19* 1.13    0.96  
  1. Exponentiated coefficients; * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001