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Table 4 Regression estimates on undernutrition status among children living in urban non-slums, 2013

From: Effects of individual, household and community characteristics on child nutritional status in the slums of urban Bangladesh

Background Characteristics Stunting Underweight
  Individual- level Household-level Cluster- level Model C Individual- level Household-level Cluster- level Model D
Mother’s age at birth (reference: <20 years)
 20-34 years 0.76*    0.78 0.66**    0.68**
 35+ years 0.54*    0.58* 0.40***    0.43**
Mother’s education (reference: no education)
 Primary 0.85    0.87 0.78    0.80
 Secondary + 0.56**    0.62** 0.53***    0.60**
Birth order (reference: 1)
 2-3 1.36**    1.35** 1.04    1.05
 4+ 1.52*    1.49 1.50    1.47
Child’s age (reference: <9 months)
 9-23 months 2.30***    2.30*** 1.68**    1.67**
 24-59 months 1.73***    1.73*** 2.02***    2.01***
Exposure to media (paper, radio or TV) (reference: less than daily)
 Daily 0.85     0.71*    0.84
Mother’s working status (reference: unemployed/works from home)
 Outside home 1.34    1.33 0.88    
NGO’s membership (reference: not member)
 Member 1.57**    1.51* 1.49*    1.38
Wealth status (reference: non-poor)
 Poor   1.80***   1.35**   1.79***   1.32*
Duration of residence (reference: <2 years)
 2-5 years   0.96     0.98   
 >5 years   1.15     0.88   
Sanitation facility (reference: not improved)
 Improved   0.96     0.96   
Garbage disposal (reference: in open space)
 Disposed   1.00     0.80*   0.84
Household size (reference: 1-3)
 4-5   1.01     0.87   
 6+   1.01     1.06   
Distance from health facility (reference: <1 km)
 1-2 km    1.08     1.08  
 >2 km    1.06     1.02  
Number of available community health worker (reference: none)
 One    0.94     0.93  
 Two or more    1.18     1.13  
Region (reference: other division)
 Dhaka    1.14     0.96  
  1. Exponentiated coefficients; * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001