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Table 3 Median nutrient intake according to daily diet-related greenhouse gas emissions in the LifeGene study, 2009–10, Sweden

From: Is a diet low in greenhouse gas emissions a nutritious diet? – Analyses of self-selected diets in the LifeGene study

  kg CO2e/d
Nutrients 0.2–<4.1 4.1–<4.8 4.8–<5.7 5.7–10.9 P-value1
Median (IQR) Median (IQR) Median (IQR) Median (IQR)
Energy (kJ/d) 8432 (4064) 7396 (2995) 8086 (3081) 8700 (3413) < 0.00
Protein (g/d) 71.1 (35.8) 72.3 (28.2) 76.8 (30.6) 87.6 (34.9) < 0.00
Carbohydrates (g/d) 243.1 (125.2) 215.0 (95.6) 215. 9 (97.6) 219.1 (102.2) < 0.00
Fat (g/d) 64.8 (37.3) 62.6 (27.9) 65.1 (28.8) 70.5 (32.5) < 0.00
Saturated fat (g/d) 24.0 (14.9) 23.5 (11.6) 24.7 (12.6) 27.2 (13.1) < 0.00
Monounsaturated fat (g/d) 23.9 (13.4) 23.1 (10.5) 24.1 (11.2) 26.1 (12.1) < 0.00
Polyunsaturated fat (g/d) 11.3 (7.3) 10.4 (5.6) 10.6 (5.7) 10.7 (5.6) < 0.00
β-carotene (μg/d) 2,514 (2,766) 2,317 (2,350) 2,445 (2,440) 2,481 (2,326) 0.07
Vitamin C (mg/d) 92.0 (71.2) 95.5 (66.9) 99.3 (71.3) 103.9 (75.6) < 0.00
Folate (μg/d)2 296.4 (192.2) 287.5 (143.5) 291.3 (140.1) 302. 3 (146.8) < 0.00
Fiber (g/d) 24.8 (18.0) 22.2 (13.2) 21.7 (11.6) 21.1 (11.5) < 0.00
Vitamin B12 (μg/d) 3.7 (2.6) 4.3 (2.2) 4.8 (2.3) 5.8 (2.9) < 0.00
Iron (mg/d)3 13.4 (8.3) 12.5 (6.4) 12.9 (6.1) 13.6 (6.2) < 0.00
Zinc (mg/d) 9.7 (5.2) 9.7 (4.0) 10.3 (4.2) 11.7 (4.6) < 0.00
Vitamin D (μg/d) 4.8 (3.7) 5.4 (3.2) 5.9 (3.1) 7.0 (3.8) < 0.00
Retinol (μg/d) 364.8 (310.3) 388.2 (270.9) 423.8 (254.6) 464.7 (303.2) < 0.00
Retinol equivalents (RE/d) 674.4 (450.1) 652.5 (392.5) 685.2 (386.8) 724.3 (426.5) < 0.00
Calcium (mg/d) 816.4 (511.3) 849.6 (443.4) 947.4 (457.9) 1,055.5 (574.0) < 0.00
  1. Median and interquartile range (IQR) of nutrient intake according daily diet-related greenhouse gas emissions (CO2e) adjusted for total energy intake among 5,364 men and women in the LifeGene study
  2. 1Kruskal-Wallis p-values
  3. 2For women only: the intake of folate was 301.7, 295.4, 297.4, 310.8 μg/d for varying levels of kg CO2e/d
  4. 3For women only: the intake of iron was 13.1, 12.5, 12.5, 13.2 mg/d for varying levels of kg CO2e/d