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Table 2 Hypertension prevalence according to gender, geographical region, study year, type of publication and study size

From: The burden and high prevalence of hypertension in Pakistani adolescents: a meta-analysis of the published studies

Study or Subgroup No. of studies Prevalence (95% CI) (%) N Heterogeneity test Publication bias test
I2 (%) P P (Begg’s test) P (Egger’s test)
Fixed Effect Model 18 26.34 (25.93, 26.75) 42,618 99.1 < 0.001 0.602 0.294
Random Effect Model 18 25.64 (20.97, 30.30) 42,618 99.1 < 0.001 0.602 0.294
Sex (Male) 9 24.99 (19.70, 30.28) 17,670 98.3 < 0.001 0.835 0.752
Sex (Female) 10 24.76 (16.76, 32.76) 17,298 99.3 < 0.001 0.421 0.858
Urban 16 26.61 (21.80, 31.42) 17,224 98.4 < 0.001 0.787 0.308
Rural 4 21.03 (10.18, 31.87) 25,394 99.8 < 0.001 0.497 0.393
Study years (1990s) 2 19.55 (18.07, 21.05) 9593 38.9 0.201 0.317
Study years (2000s) 9 23.95 (16.60, 31.30) 13,343 98.9 < 0.001 0.532 0.57
Study years (2010s) 7 29.95 (24.13, 35.77) 19,682 97.8 < 0.001 0.652 0.325
Local journal 8 23.32 (18.9, 27.74) 3366 88.6 < 0.001 0.805 0.762
International journal 10 27.44 (20.97, 33.91) 39,252 99.5 < 0.001 0.929 0.755
Small Studies 10 23.27 (22.03, 24.50) 10,831 87.9 < 0.001 0.788 0.855
Medium Studies 5 32.65 (31.79, 33.52) 4420 99.1 < 0.001 1 0.737
Large studies 3 24.73 (24.23, 25.23) 27,367 99.8 < 0.001 0.117 0.573
  1. Abbreviation: N total number of subjects from the included studies