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Table 1 Demographic Characteristics of Nigerian Demographic and Health Survey Respondents in 2003, 2008 and 2013

From: HIV-related knowledge in Nigeria: a 2003-2013 trend analysis

Demographic characteristics Year
2003 2008 2013
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Sex Male 2093 21.6 13,808 29.3 17,359 30.8
Female 7620 78.4 33,385 70.7 38,948 69.2
Age Group (Years) 15-24 4089 42.1 17,537 37.2 21,088 37.5
25-34 2950 30.4 15,459 32.8 17,783 31.6
35-49 2674 27.5 14,197 30.1 17,436 31.0
Rural / Urban Residence Urban 3421 35.2 17,150 36.3 24,026 42.7
Rural 6292 64.8 30,043 63.7 32,281 57.3
Ethnicity Other 3631 37.4 15,008 31.9 19,225 34.1
Fulani 576 5.9 2764 5.9 3518 6.2
Hausa 2584 26.6 10,538 22.4 15,417 27.4
Ibibio 353 3.6 1159 2.5 1261 2.2
Igbo 1323 13.6 7294 15.5 7967 14.1
Ijaw 118 1.2 1790 3.8 1097 1.9
Yoruba 1127 11.6 8479 18.0 7823 13.9
Religion Other 12 0.1 112 0.2 298 0.5
Catholic 1307 13.5 5444 11.6 6329 11.2
Other Christian 3375 34.8 19,866 42.3 20,102 35.7
Islam 4910 50.6 20,999 44.7 29,057 51.6
Traditionalist 103 1.1 566 1.2 521 0.9
Relationship Status Never married 2974 30.6 14,945 31.7 17,704 31.4
Currently married 6342 65.3 30,596 64.8 36,552 64.9
Formerly married 398 4.1 1647 3.5 2051 3.6
Highest Educational Attainment No education 3555 36.6 14,539 30.8 18,414 32.7
Primary 2148 22.1 9327 19.8 9640 17.1
Secondary 3303 34.0 18,374 38.9 22,208 39.4
Higher 707 7.3 4953 10.5 6044 10.7
Literacy Level Low literacy/ illiteratea 4913 51.6 21,697 46.4 26,354 47.1
Literate 4615 48.4 25,073 53.6 29,542 52.9
Employment Status Unemployed 4011 41.4 16,132 34.4 18,720 33.4
Employed 5681 58.6 30,793 65.6 37,305 66.6
National Wealth Quintile Lower 20th 1776 18.3 8469 17.9 9994 17.7
40th 1799 18.5 8566 18.2 10,420 18.5
60th 1905 19.6 8910 18.9 10,824 19.2
80th 1978 20.4 10,101 21.4 11,827 21.0
Upper 20th 2255 23.2 11,147 23.6 13,242 23.5
State-level Wealth Inequality Ratio < 1.50 449 4.6 3646 7.7 8012 14.2
1.50-1.99 921 9.5 3770 8.0 33,742 59.9
2.00-2.49 754 7.8 9800 20.8 12,464 22.1
2.50-3.00 2021 20.8 10,807 22.9 2088 3.7
3.01-4.00 3097 31.9 9690 20.5 0 0.0
4.01-5.00 1419 14.6 7448 15.8 0 0.0
> 5.00 1052 10.8 2031 4.3 0 0.0
  1. aIncludes the visually impaired