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Table 4 Changes in physical activity and eating behavior

From: Use of health promotion manga to encourage physical activity and healthy eating in Japanese patients with metabolic syndrome: a case study

  Baseline 1 month Estimate   
Mean (SE) Mean (SE) Intercept (95% CI) Time (95% CI) p-value R 2
IPAQ
 Vigorous PA 285 (205.5) 428.3 (205.5) 428.3 (1.9, 854.8) −143.3 (− 754.2, 467.5) 0.62 0.02
 Moderate PA 590.8 (230.5) 617.5 (230.5) 617.5 (134.4, 1100.6) −26.7 (− 570.8, 517.4) 0.92 0.01
 MVPA 875.8 (393.8) 942.0 (409.3) 942.0 (87.0, 1797.1) −66.2 (−10.90.3, 957.9) 0.89 0.02
 Walking 332.5 (120.9) 187.5 (122.6) 187.5 (−76.3, 451.4) 145.0 (−15.1, 305.0) 0.07 N.A.
 Sedentary (week days) 205 (33.4) 207.5 (33.4) 207.5 (137.2, 277.8) −2.5 (−74.5, 69.5) 0.94 N.A.
 Sedentary (holidays) 239.4 (37.1) 260 (36.5) 260 (−75.6, 34.4) −20.6 (−75.6, 34.4) 0.43 N.A.
HEBI-J
 Balance 15.1 −0.8 15.5 −0.8 15.5 (13.7, 17.3) −0.4 (−1.3, 0.5) 0.32 0.09
 Pattern 15.1 −0.8 16 −0.8 16.0 (14.3, 17.7) −0.9 (−2.5, 0.6) 0.21 0.16
 Restriction 13.3 −0.8 14.3 −0.8 14.3 (12.6, 15.9) −1 (−2.1, 0.2) 0.1 0.25
 Total 43.2 −2.2 46.2 −2.2 46.2 (41.5, 50.9) −3.1 (−5.6, −0.6) 0.02* 0.47
  1. *p < .01. Notes. CI confidence interval, SE standard error, PA physical activity, MVPA moderate-vigorous physical activity, Physical activity scores calculated by minutes per week, IPAQ International Physical Activity Questionnaire, HEBI-J Healthy Eating Behavior Index for Japanese, N.A. of effect size (R2) means effect size calculation was not available because of physical activity scores were decreasing from baseline to one month; Criteria for effect sizes (R2): > 0.01 = small, > 0.09 = medium, and > 0.25 = large (Cohen, 1988)