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Table 2 Individual risk factors of SAM, Mao health district, February–August 2017

From: Individual and household risk factors of severe acute malnutrition among under-five children in Mao, Chad: a matched case-control study

Child characteristic Cases (%) Controls (%) COR (95%CI) AOR (95%CI) P-value
Sex, female 80 (58.4) 150 (54.7) 4.9 (1.0–24.0)   
Diarrhoea in the last 15 days 124 (90.5) 86 (31.4) 18.9 (19.2–39.1) 10.7 (4.2–27.3) 0.000
Fever in the last 15 days 123 (89.8) 104 (38.0) 18.3 (8.5–39.8) 8.4 (3.1–22.8) 0.000
Cough in the last 15 days 87 (56.9) 67 (24.5) 4.1 (2.6–6.5)   
Vomiting in the last 15 days 75 (54.7) 27 (9.0) 12.6 (6.5–24.6) 7.6 (3.0–19.7) 0.000
Being stunted 123 (89.8) 175 (63.9) 6.77 (3.3–13.8) 5.3 (1.7–16.3) 0.004
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 120 (87.6) 221 (80.7) 1.9 (1.0–3.6)   
Complementary feeding at ≤6 months 91 (66.4) 155 (56.6) 1.6 (1.0–2.5)   
Type of first complementary meal, family dish 13 (9.5) 14 (5.1) 2. 1 (0.9–4.9) 4.4 (1.0–19.6) 0.050
Signs of traditional curing practices on a child 60 (43.8) 83 (30.3) 2.0 (1.3–3.2)   
  1. SAM severe acute malnutrition, COR crude odds ratio, CI confidence interval, SD standard deviation, AOR adjusted odds ratio, Statistically significant difference at minimum level of p = 0.05