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Table 2 Binary logistic regression on pregnancy termination among women in Ghana (DHS 2014) and Mozambique (DHS 2011)

From: Socio – economic determinants of abortion among women in Mozambique and Ghana: evidence from demographic and health survey

Independent Variables Ghana Mozambique
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Wealth status
 Poorest 0.70* (0.48–1.01) 0.72*(0.51–1.03)
 Poorer 0.89 (0.64–1.23) 0.72*(0.52–1.00)
 Middle 1.05 (0.83–1.34) 0.73*(0.52–1.00)
 Richer 1.04 (0.85–1.26) 0.92(0.73–1.16)
 Richest Ref Ref
Level of education
 No education Ref Ref
 Primary 1.35**(1.10–1.67) 1.21**(1.01–1.46)
 Secondary 1.13(0.93–1.39) 1.34**(1.02–1.76)
 Higher 0.74*(0.53–1.04) 1.14(0.70–1.16)
Age
 15–19 Ref Ref
 20–24 5.61***(3.75–8.41) 2.48***(1.75–3.50)
 25–29 8.79***(5.78–13.36) 3.06***(2.13–4.40)
 30–34 12.13***(7.81–18.88) 3.37***(2.28–4.97)
 35–39 13.62***(8.85–20.96) 3.67***(2.45–5.51)
 40–44 11.99***(7.54–19.06) 2.98***(1.95–4.57)
 45–49 14.23***(8.94–22.66) 3.22***(2.11–4.89)
Religion
 Christian 1.23*(0.99–1.52) 1.42*(0.96–2.10)
 Islam Ref Ref
 Traditional/spiritual/other/no religion 1.42**(1.03–1.97) 1.50(0.88–2.56)
Occupation
 Unemployed Ref Ref
 Employed 1.38**(1.13–1.68) 2.05***(1.77–2.38)
Marital status
 Never married Ref Ref
 Married 1.47**(1.09–2.00) 2.22***(1.58–3.12)
 Living together 1.67**(1.24–2.24) 2.32***(1.64–3.28)
 Widowed 1.23(0.80–1.88) 1.76**(1.10–2.83)
 Divorced 1.11(0.69–1.78) 1.97**(1.09–3.54)
 Separated 1.74**(1.18–2.56) 2.38***(1.61–3.50)
Residence
 Urban Ref Ref
 Rural 0.81*(0.65–1.02) 0.78**(0.61–1.00)
Birth history
 Zero birth 1.71**(1.19–2.46) 2.38***(1.61–3.50)
 One birth 1.69***(1.32–2.15) 1.64***(1.64–3.28)
 Two births 1.43**(1.15–1.78) 1.76**(1.10–2.83)
 Three births 1.23*(1.00–1.52) 2.05***(1.51–2.72)
 Four births or more Ref Ref
Frequency of reading newspaper or magazine
 Not at all Ref Ref
 Less than once a week 0.91(0.71–1.16) 1.08(0.83–1.42)
 At least once a week 0.68**(0.50–0.92) 0.89(0.68–1.17)
Frequency of listening to radio
 Not at all Ref Ref
 Less than once a week 1.27**(1.04–1.55) 1.16(0.94–1.44)
 At least once a week 1.22*(1.01–1.48) 1.14(0.93–1.39)
Frequency of watching television
 Not at all Ref Ref
 Less than once a week 1.16(0.96–1.41) 1.07(0.83–1.38)
 At least once a week 1.23**(1.04–1.46) 1.24*(0.98–1.57)
  1. *p < 1.0 **p < 0.05 ***p < 0.001 OR = Odds Ratio Ref = reference category
  2. Computed from Ghana DHS 2014, Mozambique DHS2011