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Table 3 Socio-demographic determinants of using reducing the amount and frequency of meal as a coping strategy of food insecurity at DHDSS, 2016

From: Reducing amount and frequency of meal as a major coping strategy for food insecurity

Variables Reduced the amount and frequency of meal Crude OR(95% CI) Adjusted OR(95% CI)
Yes No   
Household size (Continuous)   0.93 (0.90, 0.95) a
Sex of the household head
 Female 1293(61.66) 804(38.34) 1.41 (1.27, 1.56) a
 Male 2440(53.34) 2134 (46.66) 1  
Residence
 Rural 2585(51.12) 2472(48.88) 1  
 Urban 1148(71.13) 466(28.87) 2.36 (2.08, 2.66) 2.07 (1.74, 2.46)
Wealth status
 Low income 1440(59.8) 968(40.2) 1.28 (1.13, 1.46) a
 Middle income 1429(53.92) 1221(46.08) 1.01 (0.89, 1.14)  
 Better income 836(53.69) 721(46.31) 1  
Household Head’s level of education
 Unable to read and write 2249(55) 1837(45) 1  
 Able to read and write 807(53.2) 710(46.8) 0.93 (0.82, 1.04) a
 Primary education 326(58.63) 230(41.37) 1.16 (0.97, 1.38)  
 Secondary education 301(68.72) 137(31.28) 1.79 (1.45, 2.22)  
 Tertiary education 50(67.57) 24(32.43) 1.70 (1.04, 2.78)  
Marital status of household heads
 Married 2281(52.58) 2057(47.42) 1 1
 Single 230(69.49) 101(30.51) 2.05(1.61, 2.61) 1.21 (0.82, 1.78)
 Divorced 522(64.29) 290(35.71) 1.62 (1.39, 1.89) 1.22 (0.92, 1.61)
 Widowed 578(56.72) 441(43.28) 1.18 (1.03, 1.36) 1.04 (0.79, 1.37)
 Separated 122 (71.35) 49(28.65) 2.25(1.60, 3.14) 1.60(1.07, 2.39)
House hold head’s occupation
 Farmer 2706(52.56) 2442(47.44) 1  
 Student 178(69.53) 78(30.47) 2.06(1.57, 2.70) a
 All types of paid job 643(69.66) 280(30.34) 2.07(1.78, 2.41)  
 Unemployed 81(65.32) 43(34.68) 1.70(1.17, 2.47)  
 Others 125(56.82) 95(43.18) 1.18 (0.90, 1.56)  
Climatic Zone
 Hot/Lowland 1120 1312 1 1
 Mid-altitude 540 261 2.42 (2.05, 2.87) 2.46 (2.08, 2.92)
 Cold/Highland 2073 1365 1.78 (1.60, 1.98) 1.22 (1.08, 1.38)
  1. aNot statistically significant