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Table 2 Distribution of number of servings of fruits and/ or vegetables eaten per day in a typical week, by characteristics of participants

From: Low consumption of fruits and vegetables among adults in Uganda: findings from a countrywide cross-sectional survey

Variable -n- Servings of fruits and/ or vegetables consumed p-value
< 5 servings
n (%)
≥ 5 servings
n (%)
All participants 3962 3478 (87.8) 484 (12.2) n/a
Sex
 Males 1591 1384 (87.0) 207 (13.0) 0.21
 Females 2371 2094 (88.3) 277 (11.7)  
Age
 18–29 1610 1432 (88.9) 178 (11.1) 0.17
 30–49 1666 1452 (87.2) 214 (12.8)  
 50–69 686 594 (86.6) 92 (13.4)  
Marital status
 Never married 623 560 (89.9) 63 (10.1) 0.19
 Married/Cohabiting 2634 2298 (87.2) 336 (12.8)  
 Separated/Divorced/ Widowed 702 617 (87.9) 85 (12.1)  
Level of education
 No formal schooling 649 566 (87.2) 83 (12.8) 0.70
 Primary 1614 1408 (87.2) 206 (12.8)  
 Secondary 1310 1158 (88.4) 152 (11.6)  
 University or higher 374 332 (88.8) 42 (11.2)  
Region of residence
 Western 940 890 (94.7) 50 (5.3) < 0.05
 Central 962 766 (79.6) 196 (20.4)  
 Northern 778 636 (81.7) 142 (18.3)  
 Eastern 1282 1186 (92.5) 96 (7.5)  
Rural-urban residence
 Urban 1076 976 (90.7) 100 (9.3) < 0.05
 Rural 2886 2502 (86.2) 384 (13.8)  
Employment
 Employed 2585 2283 (87.8) 302 (12.2) 0.16
 Unemployed 1376 1194 (86.7) 182 (13.3)  
BMI (kg/m2)
 18.5–24.9 Normal weight 2518 2201 (87.4) 317 (12.6) 0.40
 < 18.5 Underweight 328 285 (87.0) 43 (13.0)  
 ≥ 25 Overweight or Obese 1116 992 (88.9) 124 (11.1)