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Table 3 Dimensions of HT prevention and self-care practices in treatment and control groups at baseline and after the intervention

From: Effects of a health education intervention on hypertension-related knowledge, prevention and self-care practices in Nigerian retirees: a quasi-experimental study

Time Dimensions of HT prevention & self-care practices Intervention group
Mean ± SD
Control group
Mean ± SD
*Test results
P-value
Baseline
  Physical activity 1.92 ± 0.97 1.90 ± 1.01 0.76
Sleep pattern & quality 1.87 ± 1.10 1.95 ± 0.93 0.10
Substance use abstinence 2.29 ± 0.92 2.15 ± 0.83 0.51
Healthy diet 0.76 ± 0.43 0.72 ± 0.45 0.08
Medication adherence 2.27 ± 1.18 2.26 ± 1.66 0.07
HBPM 1.42 ± 0.83 1.57 ± 0.74 0.49
After intervention
  Physical activity 2.15 ± 0.81 1.90 ± 1.02 0.007**
Sleep pattern & quality 1.57 ± 1.04 1.95 ± 0.95 0.003**
Substance use abstinence 1.68 ± 1.02 2.10 ± 0.94 0.000*
Healthy diet 1.27 ± 0.65 0.74 ± 0.44 0.000*
Medication adherence 1.86 ± 1.06 2.44 ± 0.83 0.000*
HBPM 1.51 ± 0.69 1.57 ± 0.65 0.21
  1. *Paired samples t-test. HBPM, Home blood pressure monitoring
  2. *P < 0.0001; **P < 0.001