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Table 4 Intervention effects on HT knowledge, prevention and self-care practices

From: Effects of a health education intervention on hypertension-related knowledge, prevention and self-care practices in Nigerian retirees: a quasi-experimental study

Measures Baseline
Mean ± SD
After intervention (4th month)
Mean ± SD
Follow-up
(5th month)
Mean (SD)
F ηp2 Paired analyses
Baseline & follow-up P-value
HT knowledge
 Intervention group 9.64 ± 3.35 12.63 ± 2.13 13.13 ± 1.39 108.12* 0.36 0.000*
 Control group 9.69 ± 3.52 9.71 ± 3.47 9.76 ± 3.42    0.16
HT PSC
 Physical activity
 Intervention group 1.92 ± 0.97 2.15 ± 0.81 2.06 ± 0.88 12.71* 0.06 0.000*
 Control group 1.90 ± 1.01 1.90 ± 1.02 1.91 ± 0.99    0.59
Sleep pattern and quality
 Intervention group 1.87 ± 1.10 1.57 ± 1.04 1.41 ± 0.99 17.75* 0.08 0.000*
 Control group 1.95 ± 0.93 1.95 ± 0.95 1.92 ± 0.93    0.05
Substance use abstinence
 Intervention group 2.29 ± 0.92 1.68 ± 1.02 1.20 ± 0.98 52.67* 0.21 0.000*
 Control group 2.15 ± 0.83 2.10 ± 0.94 2.06 ± 0.95    0.28
Healthy diet
 Intervention group 0.76 ± 0.43 1.27 ± 0.65 1.63 ± 0.82 81.98* 0.30  
 Control group 0.72 ± 0.45 0.74 ± 0.44 0.74 ± 0.45    0.10
Medication adherence
 Intervention group 2.27 ± 1.18 1.86 ± 1.06 0.91 ± 0.94 75.19* 0.28 0.000*
 Control group 2.26 ± 1.66 2.44 ± 0.83 2.27 ± 1.14    0.08
HBPM
 Intervention group 1.42 ± 0.83 1.51 ± 0.69 1.78 ± 0.77 20.88* 0.10 0.000*
 Control group 1.57 ± 0.74 1.57 ± 0.65     0.15
  1. HT hypertension, PSC Prevention and self-care, HBPM home blood pressure monitoring
  2. F Wilks’ lambda F value, ηp2 partial eta squared
  3. *P < 0.0001