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Table 5 Intervention effects (time by group interaction) on HT knowledge, prevention and self-care practices

From: Effects of a health education intervention on hypertension-related knowledge, prevention and self-care practices in Nigerian retirees: a quasi-experimental study

Measures Baseline
Mean ± SD
After intervention (4th month)
Mean ± SD
Follow-up
(5th month)
Mean (SD)
F Time by group ηp2
HT knowledge
 Intervention group 9.64 ± 3.35 12.63 ± 2.13 13.13 ± 1.39 98.54* 0.34
 Control group 9.69 ± 3.52 9.71 ± 3.47 9.76 ± 3.42   
HT PSC
 Physical activity
 Intervention group 1.92 ± 0.97 2.15 ± 0.81 2.06 ± 0.88 8.09* 0.04
 Control group 1.90 ± 1.01 1.90 ± 1.02 1.91 ± 0.99   
Sleep pattern and quality
 Intervention group 1.87 ± 1.10 1.57 ± 1.04 1.41 ± 0.99 12.76* 0.06
 Control group 1.95 ± 0.93 1.95 ± 0.95 1.92 ± 0.93   
Substance use abstinence
 Intervention group 2.29 ± 0.92 1.68 ± 1.02 1.20 ± 0.98 37.94* 0.16
 Control group 2.15 ± 0.83 2.10 ± 0.94 2.06 ± 0.95   
Healthy diet
 Intervention group 0.76 ± 0.43 1.27 ± 0.65 1.63 ± 0.82 74.66* 0.28
 Control group 0.72 ± 0.45 0.74 ± 0.44 0.74 ± 0.45   
Medication adherence
 Intervention group 2.27 ± 1.18 1.86 ± 1.06 0.91 ± 0.94 69.16* 0.26
 Control group 2.26 ± 1.66 2.44 ± 0.83 2.27 ± 1.14   
Home blood pressure monitoring
 Intervention group 1.42 ± 0.83 1.51 ± 0.69 1.78 ± 0.77 8.24* 0.04
 Control group 1.57 ± 0.74 1.57 ± 0.65    
  1. HT hypertension, PSC Prevention and self-care, F Wilks’ lambda F value, ηp2 partial eta squared
  2. *P < 0.0001