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Table 5 Residents – SGBV conceptualization and socio-demographic characteristics (p-values: Chi-square Test and Fisher’s exact test)

From: Conceptualizing sexual and gender-based violence in European asylum reception centers

Socio-demographic characteristics of Residents Dimensions of SGBV Concept
Sexual Psychological Harmful Cultural Practices Socio-economic
PC 12 PC 4 PC 9 PC 1 PC 3 PC 6 PC 10 PC 14 PC 11 PC 5 PC 13 PC 2 PC 8 PC 7
Host country 0.010 0.167 0.127 0.001 0.266 0.183 0.155 0.571 0.482 0.001 0.678 0.842 0.078 0.086
Sex 0.268 0.650 0.580 0.056 0.829 1.000 0.886 0.897 0.070 0.004 0.374 1.000 0.852 0.305
Age 0.185 0.625 0.001 0.212 0.806 0.032 0.059 0.545 0.470 0.042 0.616 1.000 0.105 0.174
Marital status 0.842 0.273 0.754 0.281 0.362 0.204 0.033 0.363 0.189 0.580 0.253 0.565 0.911 0.716
Having Children 0.104 1.000 0.243 0.288 0.289 0.125 0.502 0.530 0.295 0.874 0.498 1.000 1.000 0.801
Religion 1.000 1.000 1.000 0.344 0.344 0.065 0.019 0.520 0.425 0.489 0.489 1.000 1.000 0.275
Status immigration Law 0.195 0.087 1.000 0.321 0.626 0.798 1.000 0.124 0.328 1.000 0.161 1.000 0.458 0.064
Year of arrival Europe 0.708 1.000 0.544 0.281 1.000 0.773 0.679 0.484 0.603 0.679 0.079 1.000 0.340 0.018
Year of arrival to host country 0.458 1.000 0.513 0.075 1.000 0.737 0.618 0.420 0.543 1.000 0.295 1.000 0.280 0.007
Type of reception facility living 0.394 0.646 0.792 0.062 1.000 0.332 1.000 1.000 1.000 0.471 0.436 1.000 1.000 1.000
Kind of accommodation 0.026 0.439 0.001 0.388 0.934 0.056 0.951 0.520 1.000 0.123 0.728 0.645 0.207 0.603
Attained education 0.016 0.668 0.647 0.415 0.899 0.560 0.447 0.033 0.558 0.180 0.074 0.611 0.940 0.390
Daily activity country of origin 0.587 0.215 1.000 0.232 0.065 1.000 0.453 0.902 0.308 0.412 0.288 1.000 0.659 0.046
Daily activity host country 0.037 1.000 0.233 0.412 0.502 0.650 0.834 0.467 0.176 0.278 0.758 0.308 0.070 0.744
  1. Significant p-value p < 0.05 bolded
  2. PC 12: Sexual innuendo; PC 4: Visual sexual harassment; PC 9: Marital rape; PC 1: Abuse, rape and trafficking; PC 3: Humiliation; PC 6: Confinement; PC 10: Denial of education of girls and women; PC 14: Genital mutilation; PC 11: Early marriage; PC 5: Honor killing and maiming; PC 13: Discrimination; PC 2: Denial of opportunities and services; PC 8: Denial of access to exercise civil, social and economic rights; PC 7: Social exclusion/ostracism based on sexual orientation