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Table 6 Professionals – SGBV conceptualization and socio-demographic characteristics (p-values: Chi-square Test and Fisher’s exact test)

From: Conceptualizing sexual and gender-based violence in European asylum reception centers

Socio-demographic characteristics Dimensions of SGBV Concept
Sexual violence Physical Violence Psychological violence Harmful Cultural Practices Socio-economic
PC 15 PC 3 PC 14 PC 1 PC 10 PC 8 PC 5 PC 12 PC 9 PC 13 PC 6 PC 16 PC 17 PC 7 PC 11 PC 2 PC 4
Host country 0.363 0.142 0.030 0.516 0.002 0.015 0.687 0.388 0.180 0.004 0.391 0.556 0.594 0.001 0.725 0.081 0.473
Sex 0.451 0.072 0.736 0.078 0.360 0.256 0.503 0.509 0.333 0.932 1.000 0.502 0.043 0.884 0.345 0.049 0.498
Age 0.618 1.000 0.106 0.021 0.647 0.443 0.937 0.126 0.068 0.801 1.000 0.488 0.618 0.871 1.000 0.441 0.483
Marital status 0.753 0.133 0.734 0.451 0.014 0.469 0.512 0.381 0.042 0.053 0.533 0.773 0.609 0.189 0.489 0.616 0.500
Religion 0.328 1.000 0.847 0.072 0.862 0.588 0.247 0.822 0.210 1.000 0.609 1.000 0.135 0.213 0.816 0.456 0.498
Status immigration Law 0.146 0.037 0.680 0.125 0.784 0.440 1.000 0.234 0.450 0.001 1.000 0.433 0.851 0.607 0.783 0.639 0.301
Type of reception Center working 0.851 0.551 0.397 0.497 0.073 0.487 0.829 0.189 0.833 0.282 0.630 0.763 0.734 0.027 0.373 0.229 0.300
Number of languages speaking 0.624 0.617 0.381 0.969 0.782 0.267 0.541 0.651 0.587 0.660 0.185 0.233 0.197 0.308 0.997 0.440 1.000
Number of languages needed at work 0.012 0.038 0.000 0.131 0.031 0.377 0.470 0.434 0.387 0.040 0.078 0.970 0.706 0.047 0.454 0.615 0.519
Actually working in a Reception center 0.192 1.000 0.125 0.425 0.817 0.649 0.762 0.064 1.000 0.005 1.000 0.674 0.192 0.031 0.443 0.568 0.685
Current occupation 0.720 0.593 0.063 0.696 0.213 0.193 0.747 0.235 0.079 0.460 0.833 0.469 0.836 0.353 0.528 0.930 0.819
  1. Significant p-value p < 0.05 bolded
  2. PC 15: Sexual innuendo; PC 3: Visual sexual harassment; PC 14: Denudement; PC 1: abuse, rape and trafficking; PC 10: Sexual exploitation; PC 8: Physical assault without permanent consequences; PC 5: Physical assault with permanent consequences;; PC 12: Threat and humiliation; PC 9: Verbal violence; PC 13: Confinement, individual level; PC 6: Relational violence; PC 16: Parental relational violence; PC 17: Genital mutilation; PC 7: Early marriage; PC 11: Honor killing and maiming; PC 2: Denial of opportunities and services; PC 4: Social exclusion and ostracism