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Table 2 Characteristic of participants at baseline and follow-up in the Karnali Zone of Nepal, 2009-2015

From: The impact of unconditional child cash grant on child malnutrition and its immediate and underlying causes in five districts of the Karnali Zone, Nepal – A trend analysis

Variables Baseline (2009) Midline (2013) Endline (2015) P-value
N % N % N %
No. of households surveyed 3750 100 3750 100 3647 100  
No. of people per household [Mean(SD)] 3750 6.5(2.4) 3750 6.4(2.4) 3647 6.1(2.3) <0.001
Child's age in months [Mean (SD)] 3750 28.5(15.4) 3750 28.0(15.6) 3647 28.2(15.5) 0.378
 0-5 274 7.3 313 8.3 255 7.0 0.649
 6-11 378 10.1 385 10.3 399 10.9  
 12-23 837 22.3 813 21.7 814 22.3  
 24-35 943 25.1 921 24.6 908 24.9  
 36-47 813 21.7 816 21.8 769 21.1  
 48-60 505 13.5 502 13.4 502 13.8  
Children’s gender        0.681
 Girls 2000 53.3 1963 52.3 1934 53.0  
 Boys 1750 46.7 1787 47.7 1713 47.0  
Father’s education        <0.001
 Illiterate 1751 46.7 1422 37.9 1173 32.2  
 Primary Level 36 1.0 679 18.1 694 19.0  
 Lower Secondary Level 612 16.3 255 6.8 237 6.5  
 Secondary Level 896 23.9 473 12.6 439 12.0  
 Higher Secondary 352 9.4 366 9.8 491 13.5  
 Intermediate And Above 103 2.7 55 14.8 613 16.8  
Mother’s education        <0.001
 Illiterate 3019 80.5 2977 79.4 2606 71.5  
 Primary Level 185 4.9 316 8.4 350 9.6  
 Lower Secondary Level 266 7.1 71 1.9 100 2.7  
 Secondary Level 192 5.1 167 4.5 218 6.0  
 Higher Secondary 77 2.1 115 3.1 178 4.9  
 Intermediate And Above 11 0.3 104 2.8 195 5.3  
Ethnicity        <0.001
 Dalit Hill/Terai 770 20.5 878 23.4 778 21.3  
 Disadvantage Janajati/Hill/Terai/Non Dalit Terai 464 12.4 259 6.9 214 5.9  
 Relatively Advantaged Janajati 28 0.7 130 3.5 119 3.3  
 Upper caste Group 2488 66.3 2483 66.2 2536 69.5  
Household wealth index
 Poorest 1335 37.9 352 10.2 182 5.4 <0.001
 Poorer 1030 29.3 592 17.1 577 17.1  
 Middle 548 15.6 723 20.9 937 27.7  
 Richer 446 12.7 833 24.1 784 23.2  
 Richest 161 4.6 952 27.6 897 26.6  
Expected food shortage for the coming months
 No 1384 36.9 1004 26.8 1199 32.9 <0.001
 Yes 2366 63.1 2746 73.2 2448 67.1