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Table 4 Frequency distribution of underlying causes of death among undocumented vs. documented migrantsa and Belgians in the Brussels-Capital Region (period 2005–2010)

From: Counting the non-existing: causes of death of undocumented migrants in Brussels-Capital Region (Belgium), 2005–2010

Causes of death (ICD-10) Men Women
Undocumented Documented Belgian Undocumented Documented Belgian
n % n % n % n % n % n %
Infectious diseases 12 3.9 68 3.3 520 2.4 9 6.0 69 4.9 789 2.9
Neoplasms 72 23.5 522 25.5 6004 28.0 56 37.3 313 22.4 5977 22.1
 Lung cancer 9 2.9 172 8.4 1651 7.7 8 5.3 34 2.4 856 3.2
 Colon cancer 4 1.3 33 1.6 482 2.3 4 2.7 20 1.4 575 2.1
 Breast cancer / / / / / / 10 6.7 59 4.2 1082 4.0
 Prostate cancer 5 1.6 38 1.9 606 2.8 / / / / / /
Cardiovascular diseases 81 26.4 437 21.3 6389 29.8 34 22.7 348 24.9 9053 33.4
External causes 84 27.4 179 8.7 1504 7.0 13 8.7 70 5.0 1476 5.5
 Road accidents 10 3.3 32 1.6 121 0.6 2 1.3 6 0.4 64 0.2
 Accidental falls 8 2.6 8 0.4 258 1.2 1 0.7 7 0.5 331 1.2
 Suicide 10 3.3 36 1.8 470 2.2 3 2.0 15 1.1 258 1.0
 Homicide 13 4.2 15 0.7 38 0.2 1 0.7 7 0.5 33 0.1
  1. aFrom same countries as deceased undocumented migrants