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Table 4 Bi-variable and multivariable mixed-effect logistic regression analysis of health insurance coverage among women in Ethiopia, 2016 (N = 15,683)

From: Spatial distribution and associated factors of health insurance coverage in Ethiopia: further analysis of Ethiopia demographic and health survey, 2016

VariablesHealth InsuranceOdds Ratio (95% CI)
YesNoCORAOR
Residence
 Urban185329111
 Rural64511,5620.35 (0.22,0.58)0.95 (0.48,1.84)
Age
 15–19186319511
 20–2411426480.91 (0.66,1.25)0.79 (0.55,1.12)
 25–2911228451.12 (0.82,1.52)0.98 (0.67,1.44)
 30–3411622291.31 (0.95,1.80)1.31 (0.86,1.97)
 35–391241,8 091.41 (1.03,1.93)1.43 (0.95,2.17)
 40–449911912.13 (1.52,3.01)2.14 (1.37,3.35)*
 45–49809371.46 (0.98,2.16)1.62 (0.99,2.64)
Occupation
 Not working248757111
 Professional333484.66 (3.12,6.97)2.41 (1.50,3.87)*
 Clerical191257.97 (4.82,13.2)4.33 (2.50,7.49)*
 Sales8522691.01 (0.73,1.40)1.02 (0.73,1.42)
 Agricultural35029131.74 (1.31,2.31)1.76 (1.31,2.37)*
 Services125301.17 (0.66,2.09)1.12 (0.62,2.01)
 Skilled manual505512.09 (1.38,3.16)2.08 (1.36,3.16)*
 Unskilled manual191891.21 (0.64,2.25)1.37 (0.72,2.60)
 Others153562.19 (1.28,3.75)1.87 (1.09,3.24)*
Wealth status
 Poorest61257211
 Poorer11826911.87 (1.21,2.89)1.77 (1.13,2.75)*
 Middle19327862.62 (1.70,4.05)2.45 (1.57,3.82)*
 Richer23928603.83 (2.47,5.95)3.29 (2.08,5.21)*
 Richest21939444.94 (3.10,7.86)3.43 (1.95,6.01)*
Level of education
 No education389710911
 Primary26052311.03 (0.81,1.31)1.18 (0.88,1.57)
 Secondary11417031.67 (1.23,2.26)1.77 (1.21,2.58)*
 Higher678104.08 (2.90,5.76)2.62 (1.63,4.23)*
Marital Status
 Single223381411
 Married51197121.13 (0.91,1.41)1.03 (0.76,1.39)
 Divorced/widowed9613270.95 (0.68,1.32)0.93 (0.62,1.38)
Family size
  < 5293532911
  ≥ 553795241.26 (1.03,1.53)1.25 (1.01,1.55)*
Reading newspaper
 Not at all69612,85211
 Less than once a week9414221.83 (1.40,2.38)1.34 (0.99,1.81)
 At least once a week405792.78 (1.93,4.01)1.78 (1.18,2.68)*
Listening to radio
 Not at all536994911
 Less than once a week16224551.12 (0.94,1.56)0.89 (0.67,1.17)
 At least once a week13224491.43 (1.10,1.86)0.91 (0.68,1.22)
Watching television
 Not at all57010,72511
 Less than once a week13717661.27 (0.93,1.73)0.98 (0.70,1.37)
 At least once a week12323621.78 (1.29,2.46)0.96 (0.65, 1.41)
  1. *P ≤ 0.05