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Table 1 Study design overview

From: The CARESSES study protocol: testing and evaluating culturally competent socially assistive robots among older adults residing in long term care homes through a controlled experimental trial

 English groupIndian groupJapanese group
N participants (residents) total151515
N participants (informal carers) total151515
Testing siteEnglandEnglandJapan
Participant and intervention language usedEnglishEnglishJapanese
N participants (residents + informal carers) in experimental group5 + 55 + 55 + 5
N participants (residents + informal carers) in control group 15 + 55 + 55 + 5
N participants (residents + informal carers) in control group 25 + 55 + 55 + 5
Duration of robot interaction testing period (for residents in experimental or control group 1)2 weeks:
• Week 1: 3 days, 45 min - 3 h per day (rotated). First session is training, all other sessions independent use with standby support ready.
• Week 2: 3 days, 45 min - 3 h per day (rotated) – Independent use with standby support ready.
Total time required for testing20 weeks12 weeks