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Table 1 Incidence of neonatal infection by socio-demographic and maternal characteristics

From: Epidemiology of neonatal infections in hospitals of Nepal: evidence from a large- scale study

Socio-demographic and maternal characteristicsNeonatal infectionIncidence (95% CI)p-value
Maternal ageNoYes  
 Less than 20 years8346570.7% (0.5–0.9)0.621
 20–35 years50,1763700.7% (0.7–0.8)
 More than 35 years1540140.9% (0.5–1.5)
Maternal educationa
 No formal education7863610.8% (0.6–1.0)0.309
 Formal education42,5212860.7% (0.6–0.7)
Ethnicity
 Advantageous group23,6262050.9% (0.8–1.0)0.002
 Relatively disadvantageous group36,4362360.6% (0.6–0.7)
Smoking/Indoor tobacco smoke
 Maternal smokingb5679260.5% (0.3–0.7)0.026
 Indoor tobacco smokea12,947610.5% (0.4–0.6)0.026
Parity
 0 previous birth29,5642670.9% (0.8–1.0)< 0.001
 1 or more previous birth30,4981740.6% (0.5–0.6)
Antenatal check-upa
 No ANC526112.1% (1.2–3.7)< 0.001
 At least once49,8583360.7% (0.6–0.7)
Four antenatal check up
 Less than 4 ANC11,542610.5% (0.4–0.7)0.029
 4 or more ANC38,3162750.7% (0.6–0.8)
Severe maternal anemia16710.5% (0.1–3.5)0.562
  1. amissing-9678, bmissing-9680