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Table 2 Incidence of neonatal infection by obstetric and neonatal characteristics

From: Epidemiology of neonatal infections in hospitals of Nepal: evidence from a large- scale study

Obstetric and birth characteristicsNeonatal infectionIncidence (95% CI)p-value
 NoYes
Suspected maternal infectiona
 Yes98931281.3% (1.1–1.5)< 0.001
 No40,9932630.6% (0.6–0.7)
Mode of delivery
 Vaginal47,0592760.6 (0.5–0.7)< 0.001
 Caesarean section12,4921601.3 (1.1–1.5)
Gender
 Boys32,4012630.8% (0.7–0.9)0.016
 Girls27,6611780.6% (0.5–0.7)
Birth weight
 Less than 2500 g6659570.8% (0.6–1.0)0.011
 2500-4000 g52,0673660.7% (0.6–0.8)
 4000 g or more1336181.3% (0.8–2.1)
Gestational age
 Less than 37 weeks4655690.8% (0.6–1.0)0.400
 37 weeks or more39554,4930.7% (0.7–0.8)
Early breast feeding43,2923010.7% (0.5–0.9)0.903
Applied antiseptic to umbilical cord18,5471260.7% (0.6–0.8)0.395
Multiple birth
 No59,6984370.7% (0.7–0.8)0.414
 Yes36441.1% (0.4–2.9)
Birth asphyxia413112.7% (1.5–4.7)< 0.001
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