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Table 1 Sleep duration and insomnia symptoms according to sociodemographic and cardiometabolic risk factors by sex. Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil, 2012–2014)

From: Sex differences in the association between self-reported sleep duration, insomnia symptoms and cardiometabolic risk factors: cross-sectional findings from Brazilian longitudinal study of adult health

  Women (N = 7491) Men (N = 6231)
Self-reported Sleep Duration Insomnia Symptoms Self-reported Sleep Duration Insomnia Symptoms
  ≤ 6 h (n = 3564) >  6 h - ≤ 8 h (n = 3592) >  8 h (n = 335) No (n = 5406) Yes (n = 2085) ≤ 6 h (n = 3063) >  6 h - ≤ 8 h (n = 2968) >  8 h (n = 200) No (n = 5031 Yes (n = 1200)
Age (year)* 55.7 (8.8) 55.4 (8.6) 57.8 (9.6) 55.6 (8.7) 56.1 (8.8) 55.5 (8.9) 55.8 (9.5) 56.6 (9.4) 55.6 (9.2) 56.3 (9.2)
Educationn(%)
Fundamental 332 (9.3) 237 (6.6) 50 (14.9) 358 (6.6) 261 (12.5) 473 (15.4) 385 (13.0) 50 (24.9) 657 (13.1) 251 (20.9)
High school 1235 (34.6) 1041 (29.0) 134 (40.0) 1675 (31.0) 735 (35.3) 967 (31.6) 859 (28.9) 78 (38.9) 1509 (30.0) 395 (32.9)
College 1997 (56.1) 2314 (64.4) 151 (45.1) 3373 (62.4) 1089 (52.2) 1623 (53.0) 1724 (58.1) 72 (36.2) 2865 (56.9) 554 (46.2)
Physical activityn(%)
No 2848 (79.9) 2694 (75.0) 278 (83.0) 4116 (76.1) 1704 (81.7) 2199 (71.8) 2008 (67.6) 150 (75.1) 3481 (69.2) 876 (73.0)
Moderate 514 (14.2) 675 (18.8) 44 (13.1) 946 (17.5) 287 (13.8) 541(17.7) 632 (21.3) 28 (13.9) 984 (19.6) 217 (18.1)
High 202 (5.7) 223 (6.2) 13 (3.9) 344 (6.4) 94 (4.5) 323 (10.5) 328 (11.1) 22 (11.0) 566 (11.2) 107 (8.9)
BMIn(%)
Non obese 2436 (68.4) 2677 (74.5) 208 (62.1) 3927 (72.6) 1394 (66.9) 2343 (76.5) 2293 (77.3) 146 (73.0) 3863 (76.8) 919 (76.6)
Obese 1128 (31.6) 915 (25.5) 127 (37.9) 1479 (27.6) 691 (33.1) 720 (23.5) 675 (22.7) 54 (27.0) 1168 (23.2) 281 (23.4)
Low HDLn(%)
No 2556 (71.7) 2694 (75.0) 233 (69.6) 4017 (74.3) 1466 (70.3) 2388 (77.9) 2324 (78.3) 157 (78.5) 3928 (78.1) 941 (78.4)
Yes 1008 (28.3) 898 (25.0) 102 (30.4) 1389 (25.7) 619 (29.7) 675 (22.1) 644 (21.7) 43 (21.5) 1103 (21.9) 259 (21.6)
Hypertriglyceridemian(%)
No 2787 (78.2) 2868 (79.8) 254 (75.8) 4325 (80.0) 1584 (76.0) 1996 (65.2) 1922 (64.8) 105 (52.5) 3278 (65.2) 745 (62.1)
Yes 777 (21.8) 724 (20.2) 81 (24.2) 1081 (20.0) 501 (24.0) 1067 (34.8) 1046 (35.2) 95 (47.5) 1753 (34.8) 455 (37.9)
High glycated hemoglobinn(%)
No 3278 (91.9) 3375 (93.9) 294 (87.8) 5066 (93.7) 1881 (90.2) 2765 (90.3) 2676 (90.2) 180 (89.9) 4559 (90.6) 1062 (88.5)
Yes 286 (8.1) 217 (6.1) 41 (12.2) 340 (6.3) 204 (9.8) 298 (9.7) 292 (9.8) 20 (10.1) 472 (9.4) 138 (11.5)
Hypertensionn(%)
No 2151 (60.3) 2381 (66.3) 169 (50.4) 3513 (65.0) 1188 (57.0) 1682 (54.9) 1652 (55.7) 102 (51.1) 2814 (55.9) 622 (51.8)
Yes 1413 (39.7) 1211 (33.7) 166 (49.6) 1893 (35.0) 897 (43.0) 1381 (45.1) 1316 (44.3) 98 (48.9) 2217 (44.1) 578 (48.2)
Depressive symptomsn(%)
No 2782 (78.1) 3101 (86.3) 283 (84.5) 4800 (88.8) 1366 (65.5) 2714 (88.6) 2757 (92.9) 180 (90.0) 4702 (93.5) 949 (79.1)
Yes 782 (21.9) 491(13.7) 52 (15.5) 606 (11.2) 719 (34.5) 211 (11.4) 349 (7.1) 20 (10.0) 329 (6.5) 251 (20.9)
  1. * mean (standard deviation)