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Table 2 Association (odds ratio [95%CI]) between sleep patterns and cardiometabolic risk factors among women. Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil, 2012–2014)

From: Sex differences in the association between self-reported sleep duration, insomnia symptoms and cardiometabolic risk factors: cross-sectional findings from Brazilian longitudinal study of adult health

  Obesity
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
Self-reported sleep duration
  ≤ 6 h 1.35 (1.22;1.50) 1.29 (1.16;1.43) 1.25 (1.13;1.39) 1.23 (1.10;1.37) 1.22 (1.09;1.36)
  > 6 - ≤ 8 h Reference category
  > 8 h 1.79 (1.41;2.25) 1.59 (1.25;2.01) 1.55 (1.22;1.97) 1.56 (1.23;1.97) 1.56 (1.23;1.98)
Insomnia symptoms
 No Reference category
 Yes 1.32 (1.18;1.47 1.23 (1.10;1.38) 1.15 (1.02;1.29) 1.09 (0.97;1.23) 1.09 (0.96;1.23)
Short sleep + insomnia
 No (> 6 - ≤ 8 h and absence of insomnia) Reference category
 Yes 1.58 (1.38;1.81) 1.43 (1.25;1.65) 1.32 (1.14;1.53) 1.31 (1.13;1.51)
  Hypertension
Self-reported sleep duration  
  ≤ 6 h 1.29 (1.17;1.42) 1.29 (1.17;1.43) 1.19 (1.08;1.33) 1.15 (1.03;1.28) 1,15 (1.03;1.28)
  > 6 - ≤ 8 h Reference category
  > 8 h 1.93 (1.54;2.42) 1.73 (1.36;2.19) 1.52 (1.19;1.93) 1.53 (1.20;1.94) 1.53 (1.20;1.95)
Insomnia symptoms
 No Reference category
 Yes 1.40 (1.26;1.55) 1.39 (1.24;1.54) 1.22 (1.09;1.37) 1.19 (1.05;1.33) 1.18 (1.05;1.33)
Short sleep + insomnia
 No (> 6 - ≤ 8 h and absence of insomnia) Reference category
 Yes 1.62 (1.43;1.84) 1.46 (1.28;1.67) 1.37 (1.19;1.58) 1.33 (1.15;1.53)
  High glycated hemoglobin
Self-reported sleep duration
  ≤ 6 h 1.36 (1.13;1.63) 1.35 (1.12;1.62) 1.20 (1.00;1.45) 1.12 (0.92;1.36) 1.11 (0.91;1.36)
  > 6 - ≤ 8 h Reference category
  > 8 h 2.17 (1.50;3.06) 1.90 (1.31;2.70) 1.62 (1.11;2.32) 1.64 (1.13;2.34) 1.65 (1.13;2.23)
Insomnia symptoms
 No Reference category
 Yes 1.62 (1.35;1.94) 1.59 (1.31;1.89) 1.32 (1.09;1.60) 1.31 (1.06;1.61) 1.30 (1.06;1.60)
Short sleep + insomnia
 No (> 6 - ≤ 8 h and absence of insomnia) Reference category
 Yes 1.91 (1.52;2.39) 1.60 (1.27;2.01) 1.48 (1.17;1.88) 1.43 (1.12;1.82)
  Hypertriglyceridemia
Self-reported sleep duration
  ≤ 6 h 1.10 (0.99;1.24) 1.10 (0.98;1.23) 1.05 (0.93;1.17) 1.04 (0.89;1.13) 0.99 (0.88;1.12)
  > 6 - ≤ 8 h Reference category
  > 8 h 1.26 (0.96;1.64) 1.20 (0.91;1.55) 1.11 (0.84;1.44) 1.11 (0.85;1.44) 1.12 (0.86;1.46)
Insomnia symptoms
 No Reference category  
 Yes 1.27 (1.12;1.43) 1.25 (1.11;1.41) 1.17 (1.03;1.33) 1.17 (1.03;1.34) 1.16 (1.01;1.32)
Short sleep + insomnia
 No (> 6 - ≤ 8 h and absence of insomnia) Reference category
 Yes 1.31 (1.13;1.52) 1.23 (1.06;1.43) 1.18 (1.01;1.38) 1.12 (0.95;1.31)
  Low HDL-cholesterol
Self-reported sleep duration  
  ≤ 6 h 1.18 (1.06;1.31) 1.19 1.07;1.32) 1.13 (1.01;1.25) 1.10 (0.99;1.23) 1.10 (0.98;1.23)
  > 6 - ≤ 8 h Reference category
  > 8 h 1.31 (1.03;1.67) 1.36 (1.06;1.74) 1.24 (0.97;1.59) 1.25 (0.97;1.59) 1.25 (0.97;1.59)
Insomnia symptoms
 No Reference category
 Yes 1.22 (1.09;1.36) 1.23 (1.10;1.38) 1.13 (1.00;1.27) 1.10 (0.97;1.25) 1.10 (0.96;1.25)
Short sleep + insomnia
 No (> 6 - ≤ 8 h and absence of insomnia) Reference category
 Yes 1.33 (1.16;1.53) 1.27 (1.10;1.46) 1.21 (1.04;1.39) 1.19 (1.03;1.38)
  1. Logistic regression analyses (odds ratio and 95% CI). Model 1 = crude model; Model 2 = Model1 + age + education; Model 3 = Model 2 + physical activity + depression; Model 4 = Model 3 + insomnia or sleep duration; Model 5 = Model 4 + menopausal status