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Table 1 Mapping of UK Government guidance on pre-existing medical conditions at risk of severe illness from COVID-19 to the GBD 2017 cause list

From: Population vulnerability to COVID-19 in Europe: a burden of disease analysis

Pre-existing health condition(s) GBD mapped cause(s)
All health conditions All-causes
Chronic respiratory diseases Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Pneumoconiosis
Asthma
Interstitial lung disease and pulmonary sarcoidosis
Other chronic respiratory diseases
Chronic heart disease Cardiovascular diseases (chronic and acute)
Chronic kidney disease Chronic kidney disease
Chronic liver disease Cirrhosis and other chronic liver diseases
Chronic neurological conditions Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias
Parkinson’s disease
Epilepsy
Multiple sclerosis
Motor neuron disease
Other neurological disorders
Diabetes Diabetes mellitus
Problems with spleen Sickle cell disorders
Sickle cell trait
Cancer undergoing active chemotherapy or radiotherapy All cancer types
Cancers of the blood or bone marrow
Seriously overweight Covered in mapping for chronic respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, chronic kidney disease, cirrhosis and chronic liver diseases, and diabetes
Severe chest conditions such as cystic fibrosis or severe asthma Covered in mapping for chronic respiratory diseases
Organ transplant and remain on ongoing immunosuppression medication Covered in mapping for chronic kidney disease
Severe disease of body systems Covered in mapping from all pre-existing health conditions
Those who are pregnant Not covered