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Table 1 Characteristics of participants by sport participation trajectory group (N = 3147)

From: The effect of physically or non-physically forced sexual assault on trajectories of sport participation from adolescence through young adulthood

CharacteristicsTotal sampleSport participation trajectory groupsp-value
Low-stableHigh-decreasingHigh-stable
Male participants
Mean age at wave 1 (SD)15.61 (1.79)15.92 (1.79)15.27 (1.71)15.12 (1.74)<.0001
Mean depression (SD)
 Wave 14.33 (3.29)4.68 (3.41)4.00 (3.12)3.64 (3.03)<.0001
 Wave 24.20 (3.26)4.48 (3.43)3.99 (3.12)3.72 (2.87)0.0001
 Wave 33.50 (3.13)3.52 (3.09)3.65 (3.30)2.99 (2.74)0.0097
 Wave 44.29 (3.25)4.40 (3.32)4.27 (3.17)3.82 (3.10)0.0289
Ever forced to have sex in a non-physical way (%)
 Wave 142 (1.79)21 (1.64)18 (2.26)3 (1.09)0.3828
 Wave 246 (1.96)22 (1.72)20 (2.51)4 (1.46)0.3667
 Wave 363 (2.68)28 (2.19)28 (3.52)7 (2.55)0.1886
 Wave 482 (3.49)40 (3.13)33 (4.15)9 (3.28)0.4609
Ever forced to have sex in a physical way (%)
 Wave 134 (1.45)16 (1.25)13 (1.64)5 (1.82)0.6597
 Wave 234 (1.45)16 (1.25)13 (1.64)5 (1.82)0.6597
 Wave 338 (1.62)19 (1.48)14 (1.76)5 (1.82)0.8488
 Wave 443 (1.83)22 (1.72)15 (1.89)6 (2.19)0.8583
Sport participation ≥5 times per week (%)
 Wave 11067 (33.94)0 (0.00)849 (75.60)218 (71.01)<.0001
 Wave 2781 (33.75)0 (0.00)607 (65.48)174 (67.18)<.0001
 Wave 3273 (12.17)59 (4.91)0 (0.00)214 (76.70)<.0001
 Wave 4218 (9.27)61 (4.76)0 (0.00)157 (57.30)<.0001
Total (%)31471716 (46.39)1123 (37.46)308 (16.15) 
Female participants
Mean age at wave 1 (SD)15.46 (1.78)15.72 (1.76)14.69 (1.62) <.0001
Mean depression (SD)
 Wave 15.43 (3.89)5.66 (3.96)4.74 (3.59) <.0001
 Wave 25.57 (3.94)5.71 (3.94)5.22 (3.92) 0.0051
 Wave 34.33 (3.80)4.40 (3.80)4.16 (3.78) 0.1514
 Wave 45.09 (3.77)5.20 (3.80)4.78 (3.65) 0.0113
Ever forced to have sex in a non-physical way (%)
 Wave 1224 (8.15)181 (8.80)43 (6.20) 0.0306
 Wave 2260 (9.46)205 (9.97)55 (7.94) 0.1135
 Wave 3416 (15.13)318 (15.47)98 (14.14) 0.3998
 Wave 4547 (19.90)415 (20.18)132 (19.05) 0.5167
Ever forced to have sex in a physical way (%)
 Wave 1166 (6.02)131 (6.35)35 (5.05) 0.2135
 Wave 2183 (6.64)143 (6.93)40 (5.77) 0.2888
 Wave 3300 (10.89)224 (10.86)76 (10.97) 0.9366
 Wave 4386 (14.01)291 (14.11)95 (13.71) 0.7944
Sport participation ≥5 per week (%)
 Wave 1515 (15.35)0 (0.00)515 (62.12) <.0001
 Wave 2422 (16.75)0 (0.00)422 (58.29) <.0001
 Wave 3134 (5.12)0 (0.00)134 (19.45) <.0001
 Wave 4115 (4.17)62 (3.00)53 (7.65) <.0001
Total (%)33562527 (68.30)829 (31.70)  
  1. Missing data were excluded in calculating the percentage