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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions for risk factors of hypertension among adults in pastoral communities in Monduli District, Tanzania, 2020 (n = 510)

From: Prevalence and determinants of hypertension among pastoralists in Monduli District, Arusha region in Tanzania: a cross-sectional study

  Hypertension (n = 131) Crude OR (n = 510) Adjusted OR (n = 510)
Variables n(%) OR (95% CI) AOR(95% CI)
Age
 18–29 25(19.1) Ref Ref
 30–39 20(15.3) 1.83(0.95–3.51) 2.11(1.02–4.36)*
 40–59 48(36.6) 3.52(2.1–6.09)*** 3.34(1.75–6.37)***
 Above 60 38(29) 4.92(2.71–8.91)*** 4.1(1.82–8.02)***
Gender
 Female 65(49.6) Ref Ref
 Male 66(50.4) 1.2(0.8–1.77) 1.75(1.06–2.88)*
Monthly income (Tsh)
 No income 47(35.9) Ref Ref
  < 50,000 32(24.4) 0.56(0.33–0.95)* 0.47(0.25–0.91)*
 50,000-200,000 16(12.2) 0.37(1.9–0.71)** 0.45(0.21–1.49)
  > 200,000 36(27.5) 0.81(0.48–1.36) 0.79(0.43–1.49)
Body Mass Index (BMI)
 Underweight 7(5.3) Ref Ref
 Normal 42(32.1) 1.06(0.44–2.56) 1.34(0.47–3.42)
 Overweight or Obese 50(38.2) 3.33(1.37–8.09)** 2.72(1.27–7.1)*
Abdominal Obesity
 Normal 59(45.1) Ref Ref
 Obesity 72(54.9) 2.59(1.73–3.89)*** 1.56(0.95–2.59)
Sedentary time per day (hours)
 No 48(36.6) Ref Ref
 1 to 2 32(24.4) 0.87(0.52–1.46) 1.36(0.63–2.16)
 3 to 5 13(9.9) 0.36(0.18–0.71)** 0.52(0.24–1.13)
  ≥ 6 38(29) 2.1(1.2–3.5)** 3.19(1.61–6.32)**
Physical activity category (PA)
 Low 72(54.9) Ref Ref
 Moderately 24(18.3) 0.823(0.47–1.42) 0.87(0.44–1.72)
 High 35(26.7) 0.45(0.28–0.72)** 0.55(0.31–0.96)*
Consumption of cereals
 No 18(13.7) Ref Ref
 Yes 113(86.3) 0.24(0.11–0.5)*** 0.42(0.18–1.07)
Consumption of fatty foods
 No 87(66.4) Ref Ref
 Yes 44(33.6) 1.33(0.86–2.03) 2.23(1.275–3.93)**
Consumption of fruits
 No 117(89.3) Ref Ref
 Yes 14(10.7) 0.51(0.27–0.94)* 0.37(0.18–0.77)**
  1. *P < .05, **P < .01, ***P < 0.001; CI confidence interval, OR Odd ratio. Only variables significantly associated with hypertension in the multivariate logistic regression were shown